Reported Amnesia for Childhood Abuse and Other Traumatic Events in Psychiatric Inpatients

  • Eve B. Carlson
  • Judith Armstrong
  • Richard Loewenstein
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (NSSA, volume 291)

Abstract

By the close of the NATO Advanced Study Institute on Recollections of Trauma, it appeared that the first hurdle to reaching consensus over the credibility of reports of delayed memory for sexual abuse had been cleared. As the contents of other chapters in this volume show, there seems to be general agreement that both delayed recall of sexual abuse and false reports of sexual abuse do occur. Controversy remains, however, about the prevalence of amnesia for sexual abuse experiences, the prevalence of reports of recovered memories for sexual abuse that did not occur (so-called false memories), the processes involved in forgetting of sexual abuse experiences, and the accuracy of recovered memories of abuse (see Harvey & Herman, 1994; Lindsay & Read, 1993). To clarify our use of the term amnesia throughout this chapter, we mean a lack of recall of life experiences that one would be expected to recall because of their personal salience.

Keywords

Depression Schizophrenia Stein 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Briere, J., and Conte, J. (1993). Self-reported amnesia for abuse in adults molested as children. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 6 21–31.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Carlson, E. B., Armstrong, J., Loewenstein, R., and Roth, D. (in press). Relationships between traumatic experiences and symptoms of posttraumatic stress, dissociation, and amnesia. In J. D. Bremner and C. R. Marmar (Eds.), Trauma, memory, and dissociation. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Press.Google Scholar
  3. Carlson, E. B., and Rosser-Hogan, R. (1991). Trauma experiences, posttraumatic stress, dissociation, and depression in Cambodian refugees. American Journal of Psychiatry, 148, 1548–1551.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Davidson, J. R. T., Smith, R. D., and Kudler, H. S. (1989). Validity and reliability of the DSM-III criteria for post-traumatic stress disorder: Experience with a structured interview. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 177, 336–341.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Elliott, D. M., and Briere, J. (1995). Posttraumatic stress associated with delayed recall of sexual abuse: A general population study. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 8, 629–647.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Harvey, J., and Herman, J. L. (1994). Amnesia, partial amnesia, and delayed recall among survivors of childhood trauma. Consciousness and Cognition, 295–306.Google Scholar
  7. Herman, J. L., and Schatzow, E. (1987). Recovery and verification of memories of childhood sexual trauma. Psychoanalytic Psychology, 4, 1–14.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Jacobson, A. J., and Richardson, B. (1987). Assault experiences of 100 psychiatric inpatients: Evidence of the need for routine inquiry. American Journal of Psychiatry, 144, 908–913.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Lindsay, D. S., and Read, J. D. (1993). Psychotherapy and memory of child sexual abuse: A cognitive perspective. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 8, 281–338.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Loewenstein, R. J. (1996). Dissociative amnesia and dissociative fugue. In L. K. Michelson and W. J. Ray (Eds.), Handbook of dissociation: Theoretical, empirical, and clinical perspectives (pp. 307–336 ). New York: Plenum Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Loftus, E., Polonsky, S., and Fullilove, M. T. (1994). Memories of childhood sexual abuse. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 18, 67–84.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Straus, M. A. (1979). Measuring intrafamily conflict and violence: The Conflict Tactics Scales. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 41, 75–88.Google Scholar
  13. van der Kolk, B. (1996). Trauma and memory. In B. A. van der Kolk, A. C. McFarlane, and L. Weisaeth (Eds.), Traumatic stress: The effects of overwhelming experience on mind, body, and society (pp. 279–302 ). New York: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
  14. Williams, L. M. (1995). Recovered memories of abuse in women with documented child sexual victimization histories. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 8, 649–673.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eve B. Carlson
    • 1
  • Judith Armstrong
    • 2
  • Richard Loewenstein
    • 2
  1. 1.Beloit CollegeBeloitUSA
  2. 2.Sheppard Pratt HospitalBaltimoreUSA

Personalised recommendations