Phase Noise, Signal Power and Current Consumption in CMOS Colpitts Oscillators

  • Qiuting Huang

Abstract

For local oscillators in radio frequency applications, oscillation amplitude (LO power), phase noise and current (power) consumption are the three most important design parameters. Analytical expressions will be presented for CMOS Colpitts oscillators to link phase noise to signal power. The relationships between phase noise, signal power and current consumption will be discussed and compared with Leeson’s observations.

Keywords

Expense Sine Veri 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. [1]
    A. Abidi, “Low Power Radio Frequency IC’s for Portable Communications”, Proc. of the IEEE, Vol. 83, No. 4, pp. 544–569, April 1995CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. [2]
    T. Stetzler et al, “A 2.7–4.5 V Single Chip GSM Transceiver RF Integrated Circuit”, IEEE J. Solid State Circuits, Vol. 30, pp. 1421–1429, Dec. 1995CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. [3]
    F. Piazza and Q. Huang, “A 12mA Triple-Conversion Receiver for GPS”, IEEE Int. Solid-State Circuit Conference, Digest of Technical Papers, pp. 286–287, Feb. 1996Google Scholar
  4. [4]
    J. Rudell et al, “A 1.9GHz Wide-Band IF Double Conversion CMOS Integrated Receiver for Cordless Telephone Applications”. ISSCC Digest of Technical Papers, pp. 304–305, Feb. 1997Google Scholar
  5. [5]
    R. Meyer and W. Mack, “A 1GHz BiCMOS RF Front-End IC”, IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits, vol. 29, pp. 350–355, March 1994CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. [6]
    B. Razavi, “Design of Monolithic Phase-Locked Loops and Clock Recovery Circuits — A Tutorial”, in Monolithic Phase-Locked Loops and Clock Recovery Circuits, IEEE Press Book, 1996CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. [7]
    See, e.g., Specifications for GSM, DECT, ERMES standards, by European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI), Valbonne, FranceGoogle Scholar
  8. [8]
    D. Pederson and K. Mayaram, Analog Integrated Circuits for Communication, Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1991MATHGoogle Scholar
  9. [9]
    Eric. Vittoz, “Micropower Techniques”, in J. Franca and Y. Tsividis ed. Design of Analog-Digital VLSI Circuits for Telecommunnications and Signal Processing, Prentic Hall, 1994Google Scholar
  10. [10]
    Qiuting Huang, “Exact Calculation of Oscillation Amplitude for CMOS Colpitts Oscillators”, Proceedings of IEEE ISCAS 97, Hong Kong, June 1997Google Scholar
  11. [11]
    A. Spälti, “Der Einfluss des thermischen Widerstandsrauschens und des Schroteffektes auf die Störmodulation von Oszillatoren”, Bulletin des Schweizerischen Elektrotechnischen Vereins, Vol. 39, No. 13, pp. 419–427, June 1948Google Scholar
  12. [12]
    E. Hafner, “The effects of Noise in Oscillators”, Proc. of IEEE, vol. 54, pp. 179–198, Feb. 1966CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. [13]
    D. B. Leeson, “A Simple Model of Feedback Oscillator Noise Spectrum”, Proc. of IEEE, pp. 329–330, Feb. 1966Google Scholar
  14. [14]
    J. Crannickx, M. Steyaert, “Low-Noise Voltage Controlled Oscillators Using Enhanced LC-Tanks”, IEEE Trans. on Circuits and Systems, vol. 42, pp. 794–804, Dec. 1995CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. [15]
    B. Razavi, “A Study of Noise in CMOS Oscillators”, IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits, vol. 31, No. 3, pp. 331–343, March 1996CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. [16]
    J. Fischer, “Noise Sources and Calculation Techniques for Switched Capacitor Filters”, IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits, vol. 17, pp. 742–752, Aug. 1982CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. [17]
    J. Carr, Secrets of RF Circuit Design, TAB Books, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1991Google Scholar
  18. [18]
    Commercial products, see, e.g. C. Davis et al, Application Note 335, National Semiconductor, April 1983Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Qiuting Huang
    • 1
  1. 1.ETHSwiss Federal Institute of TechnologyZurichSwitzerland

Personalised recommendations