• Rupert R. Goetz
  • Scott A. Fields
  • William L. Toffler


To effectively diagnose and treat patients with depression, physicians need a clear understanding of the current systems of classification. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) divides affective disorders into 10 categories: major depression, bipolar I, bipolar II, dysthymic and cyclothymic disorders, mood disorders due to medical conditions and due to substance abuse, as well as depressive, bipolar, and mood disorders not otherwise specified.1 We first explore diagnostic and therapeutic concepts, highlighting the structure behind current understanding of these disorders. Then we discuss application of these concepts to the process of evaluation and treatment of patients, including special populations.


Bipolar Disorder Major Depression Affective Disorder Mood Disorder Personality Disorder 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rupert R. Goetz
  • Scott A. Fields
  • William L. Toffler

There are no affiliations available

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