The Value of Physical Culture in a Healthy Life-Style
In the modern age of social transformation and scientific and technologic progress, the development of the different aspects of human life is changing ever more rapidly. This process had affected the area of humanity’s culture, including also its physical culture. The new stage of development physical culture was formed under the influence of society’s practical needs and demands to raise a whole generation’s physical preparedness to carry out manual labour as the first and the most important condition of human existance. At the same time, as systems of education evolved, physical culture was included in them because of its role in the formation of motor skills and abilities. These last characteristics were considered necessary for realisation of the individual’s capacity for physical activity. But its cultural role as an efficacious means of intellectual, moral and aesthetic education remained not more than a paper declaration. These tendencies were the root of many of the flaws in the system of human physical culture. All the state and social interests in physical activity were gradually removed into the area of preparation of elite sports performers. Progressively greater financial support attracted the best specialists who were directed into this area. This policy was a strong impediment to the development of physical education, sports for children and youth, and sports for all. That is the basis of the social need for an all-embracing use of physical culture’s opportunities to develop a new healthy life style, as well as for a new approach among the young generation in relation to the value of physical culture in he development of vitality and creative activity.
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