Relationships Between Fatigue and Rehabilitation
Fatigue and rehabilitation processes should be considered together with the personal adaptation acquired in the course of an individuals development and training (phenotypical adaptation). It is known that the correlation between functional and genetic apparatus in cells is the most important link of the adaptational mechanism. As a result, a physical load forms the mechanism for increasing the capacity of the adaptational functional systems (Edington and Edgerton, 1976). The compensatory processes are dependent to a major degree upon the processes of fatigue which stimulate the physiological processes of rehabilitation (Hollmann and Hettinger, 1980) fatigue and recovery not only have a functional, but also a structural aspect. Molecular biology has proved the existence of intramolecular regeneration as the basis of muscle cell regeneration. Each organism, depending on its genetic program, has its own pattern of cellular regeneration. Rational coaching intensifies the intracellular regenerative rhythm and helps to use the functional reserves of an organism to a full degree. The causes of fatigue and the mechanisms of the compensatory processes vary according to the different muscles, the energy direction of the loads and the muscular working regime.
KeywordsGenetic Program Heavy Load Functional Reserve Physical Load Compensatory Process
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