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Biomaterials and Their Biocompatibilities

  • Luigi Ambrosio
  • Gianfranco Peluso
  • Patricia A. Davis
Chapter

Abstract

Biomedical implants are used to resolve pathologies that cannot be corrected either by the natural healing process or traditional surgical intervention. Successful use of implants requires materials exhibiting specific characteristics particular to the application. Prosthetic implants must fulfill two criteria. The first is biocompatibility. That is, the material from which we construct the implant must not elicit an adverse response once inside the body. The second is demonstration of appropriate functional characteristics. The implant must perform as the tissue for which it substitutes. Efforts to satisfy the latter criterion in terms of mechanical properties led to the investigation of structural biomaterial composites. Since portions of the human body are composite structures, a progression toward the use of composite materials for application in the human body is natural.

Keywords

Calcium Salt Biomed Mater Monomer Mixture Tissue Ingrowth Subcutaneous Implantation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Luigi Ambrosio
  • Gianfranco Peluso
  • Patricia A. Davis

There are no affiliations available

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