Late Levantine Mousterian Patterns of Adaptation and Cognition
For most of this century one of the central concerns of paleoanthropology has been with the origin of culture. Through investigations of fossils and artifacts archaeologists have attempted to identify the contexts in which our early hominid ancestors became increasingly dependent upon cultural adaptation. This progressive shift from organic to behavioral adaptation was accompanied by extraordinarily rapid rates in both biologic and cultural evolution, but over the last 100,000 years or so the tempo of cultural evolution has greatly exceeded that within the organic domain. As reflected in the changes seen in human material culture and economic systems, cultural evolution has steadily accelerated to its presently dizzying pace. At some point within this long, 3–4 million year evolutionary sweep hominids came to rely more upon behavioral responses than biologic ones in coping with environmental demands. These learned, patterned behaviors and their material consequences have come to distinguish the human species, for we are now and have been for some time dependent upon them for our survival.
KeywordsRift Valley Residential Mobility Planning Depth Settlement System Base Camp
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