Food Enzymes

pp 170-211

Lipolytic Enzymes

  • Dominic W. S. Wong

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Lipolytic enzymes consist of two major groups, the lipases, which are triacylglycerol acylhydrolase (EC, and the phospholipases A1 ( and A2 (, which are phosphoglyceride acyl hydrolases. Although phospholipases C ( and D ( are not acylhydrolases, they are nonetheless commonly included as lipolytic enzymes. The triacylglycerol lipases are found widely in animals, plants, and microorganisms. Animal lipases include pancreatic, gastric, and intestinal lipases, and also lipases found in milk. The present discussion covers the well-studied pancreatic lipase and phospholipase A2. Microbial lipases will also be included because of their increasing importance in industrial applications