Technical Architecture

  • Michael K. Bourke
Part of the Computers in Health Care book series (HI)


The Business Architecture defines the structure of the business processes and their alignment with hospital strategy. It is supported by the Data Architecture, which specifies how the business fits together logically so that the data can be used to manage the hospital in a strategic and integrated fashion. This data, however, has to be collected and distributed to the business processes. The framework in which this is done is called the Technical Architecture. Computer networks distribute data to the hospital’s business processes, and the Technical Architecture specifies how these networks should “fit” with these business processes: Can they fit with the decentralization, coordination, and sequencing of the business processes?


Business Process International Standard Organization Electronic Mail Backbone Network Open System Interconnect 


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  1. 1.
    For a relatively accessible overview of OSI, see Dennis Mackinnon et al., An Introduction to Open Systems Interconnection, New York: W. H. Freeman, 1990Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    For a brief, but comprehensive overview of the OSF and its products, see Digital Equipment Corporation, Open Systems Handbook: A Guide to Building Open Systems, Maynard, MA: 1991Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Eample adapted form a working paper containing apreminary draft of HL 7 version 2.1, HL-7 Working Group, Health Industry Level 7 Interface Standards, version 2.1, 1990Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    For an overview, see John J. Harrington et. al. “IEEE P1157 Medical Data Interchange (MEDIX) Committee Overview and States Report”, Proceedings of the Fourteenth Annual Symposium on Computer Applications in Medical Care (IEEE Computer Society Press, 1990) pp. 230–234Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    For an overview of the MIB, see Lorene S. Nolan and M. Michael Shabot, “ The P1073 Medical Infroamtion Bus Standard: Overview and Benefits for Clinical Users, ” Proceedings of the Fourteenthe Annual Symposium on Computer Applications in Medical Care (IEEE Computer Society Press, 1990) ,pp. 116–219Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael K. Bourke
    • 1
  1. 1.College of Business and EconomicsHouston Baptist UniversityHoustonUSA

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