Mating Competitiveness of Wild and Laboratory Mass-Reared Medflies: Effect of Male Size
For the successful implementation of the Sterile Insect Technique (SIT) it is of paramount importance to produce insects that will compete for mates with the wild ones. Colonization and unnatural conditions for mass rearing, can introduce drastically different and intense selection pressures on the sexual behavior of the artificially-reared populations (e.g. Bush et al., 1976; Leppla et al., 1983). Tests have been developed to evaluate the quality of laboratory mass reared fruit flies (Chambers et al., 1983 and references therein). However, the extensive application of the SIT against fruit flies has shown that these tests require more refinement in the context of sexual selection theory (Burk and Calkins, 1983).
KeywordsSterile Male Mating Success Coffee Berry Pupal Weight Sterile Insect Technique
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Burk, T., and Webb, J.C. 1983. Effect of male size on calling propensity, song parameters, and mating success in Caribbean fruit flies, Anastrepha suspensa (Loew) ( Diptera: Tephritidae). Ann. Ent. Soc. Am. 76: 678–682Google Scholar
- Burk, T., and Calkins, C.O. 1983. Medfly mating behavior and control strategies. Fla. Entomol. 66: 3–18.Google Scholar
- Bush, G.L., Neck, R.W., and Vitto, G.B. 1976. Screw-worm eradication: inadvertent selection for noncompetitive ecotype during mass-rearing. Science 212: 563–575.Google Scholar
- Chambers, D.L., Calkins, CO., Boller, E.F., Ito, Y., and Cunninghan, R.T. 1983. Measuring, monitoring and improving the quality of mass-reared fruit flies, Ceratitis capitata. Wied. 2. Field test for confirming and extending laboratory results. Z. Ang. Ent. 95: 285–303Google Scholar
- Churchill-Stanland, C., Stanland, R Wong, T.T.Y., Tanaka, N., McInnis, D.O., and Dowell, RV. 1986. Size as a factor in the mating propensity of Mediterranean fruit flies, Ceratitis capitata ( Diptera: Tephritidae), in the laboratory. J. Econ. Entomol. 79: 614–619.Google Scholar
- Leppla, N.C., Huttel, M.D., Chambers, D.L., Ashley, T.R, Miyashita, D.H., Wong, T.T.Y., and Harris, E.J. 1983. Strategies for colonization and maintenance of the Mediterranean fruit fly. Entomol. Exp. Appl. 33: 89–96.Google Scholar
- Orozco, D., Schwarz. A., and Perez, A.. 1983. Manual de Control de Calidad. Programa Mosca del Mediterraneo, SARH, DGSV. Talleres Graficos de la Nacion, Mexico. 137 pp.Google Scholar
- Schwarz, A., Zambada, A., Orozco, D., Zavala, J.L., and Calkins, C.O. 1985. Mass production of the Mediterranean fruit fly at Metapa, Mexico. Fla. Entomol. 68: 467–477.Google Scholar