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Injury to the Thoraco-Lumbar Spine and Pelvis

  • Albert I. King

Abstract

Injury to the bony portion of the thoracolumbar spine is rare in automotive collisions. Soft tissue injuries appear to be more common. Major modes of injury to the spine are described, followed by a discussion of the biomechanical response of the spine to vertical (+g x) and horizontal (−g x) acceleration. A form of spinal injury due to the wearing of shoulder belts is discussed. The biomechanics and neurophysiology of low back pain form the foundation for an understanding of soft tissue injury. The relationship between disc rupture and impact loading is considered to be remote as disc rupture is a degenerative process that occurs over a long period of time. Mathematical models of the spine are also reviewed.

Keywords

Facet Joint Femoral Neck Fracture Pelvic Fracture Pubic Symphysis Pelvic Ring 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1993

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  • Albert I. King

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