Fetal Arrhythmia: Diagnosis, Significance, and Management

  • Ulrich Gembruch
  • Rainer Bald
  • Dirk A. Redel
  • Matthias Manz
  • Manfred Hansmann


Fetal arrhythmia is usually first suspected through ausculatory or cardiotocographic findings. The clinical importance of fetal arrhythmia may vary from cases which are benign and self-limited to those that are sustained and associated with fetal congestive heart failure, hydrops and/or death.


Antiarrhythmic Drug Atrial Flutter Doppler Echocardiography Supraventricular Tachycardia Cardiac Malformation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ulrich Gembruch
    • 1
  • Rainer Bald
    • 1
  • Dirk A. Redel
    • 1
  • Matthias Manz
    • 1
  • Manfred Hansmann
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Prenatal Diagnosis and Therapy, Pediatric Cardiology, and Internal Medicine and CardiologyUniversity of BonnGermany

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