Advertisement

Biomechanics pp 220-241 | Cite as

Bioviscoelastic Fluids

  • Yuan-Cheng Fung
Chapter

Abstract

Most biofluids are viscoelastic. Our saliva, for example, behaves more like an elastic body than like water. Mucus, sputum, and synovial fluids are well known for their elastic behavior. Viscoelasticity is an important property of mucus. In the respiratory tract mucus is moved by cilia lining the walls of the trachea and bronchi. If the mucus were a Newtonian fluid, the ciliary motion will be less effective in moving it. Similar ciliary motion is responsible for the movement of the ovum from ovary to uterus through the fallopian tube.

Keywords

Hyaluronic Acid Synovial Fluid Loss Modulus Cervical Mucus Creep Function 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Balazs, E. A. (1966) Sediment volume and viscoelastic behavior of hyaluronic acid solutions. Fed. Proc. 25, 1817–1822.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Balazs, E. A. (1968) Univ. Michigan Med. Center J. Special Issue, 34, 225.Google Scholar
  3. Balazs, E. A. and Gibbs, D. A. (1970) The rheological properties and biological function of hyaluronic acid. In Chemistry and Molecular Biology of the Intercellular Matrix, E. A. Balazs ed. Academic Press, New York, Vol. 3, pp. 1241–1253. For details see Gibbs et al. (1968) Biopolymers 6, 777–791.Google Scholar
  4. Basser, P. J., McMahon, T. A., and Griffith, P. (1989) The mechanics of mucus clearance in cough. J. Biomech. Eng. 111, 289–297.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bingham, E. C. and White, C. F. (1911) Viscosity and fluidity of emulsions, crystallin liquids, and colloidal solutions. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 33, 1257–1268.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Burgers, J. M. (1935) First Report on Viscosity and Plasticity. Prepared by the Committee for the Study of Viscosity of the Academy of Sciences at Amsterdam. Kon. Ned. Akad. Wet. Verhand 15, 1.Google Scholar
  7. Burgers, J. M. (1938) Second Report on Viscosity and Plasticity. Prepared by the Committee for the Study of Viscosity of the Academy of Sciences at Amsterdam. Kon Ned. Akad. Wet., Verhand 16, 1–287.Google Scholar
  8. Clift, A. F., Glover, F. A., and Scott Blair, G. W. (1950) Lancet 258, 1154–1155.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Davis, S. (1973) In Rheology of Biological Systems, H. L. Gabelnick and M. Litt eds. Charles C. Thomas, Springfield, IL, pp. 158–194.Google Scholar
  10. Einstein, A. (1905) Investigations on the Theory of Brownian Movement, with notes by R. Fürth, translated into English from German by A. D. Cowper, Methuen, London (1926), Dover Publications (1956). Original paper in Ann. Phys. 17 (1905), p. 549.Google Scholar
  11. Frey-Wyssling, A. (ed.) (1952) Deformation and Flow in Biological Systems. North-Holland, Amsterdam.Google Scholar
  12. Fung, Y. C. (1984) Biodynamics: Circulation. Springer-Verlag, New York.Google Scholar
  13. Gabelnick, H. L. and Litt, M. (eds.) (1973) Rheology of Biological Systems. Charles C. Thomas, Springfield, IL.Google Scholar
  14. Gibbs, D. A., Merrill, E. W., and Smith, K. A. (1968) Rheology of hyaluronic acid. Biopolymers 6, 777–791.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Harvey, E. N. (1938) Some physical properties of protoplasm J. Appl. Phys. 9, 68–80.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Heilbrunn, L. V. (1926) The centrifuge method of determining protoplasmic viscosity. J. Exp. Zool. 43, 313–320.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Heilbrunn, L. V. (1956) The Dynamics of Living Protoplasm. Academic Press, New York.Google Scholar
  18. Heilbrunn, L. V. The Viscosity of Protoplasm. Plasmatologia Springer-Verlag, Wien, Vol. 2.Google Scholar
  19. King, R. G. (1966) A rheological measurement of three synovial fluids. Rheol. Acta 5, 41–44.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Kuethe, A. M. and Chow, C.-Y. Foundations of Aerodynamics,4th edition. John Wiley, New York.Google Scholar
  21. Lai, W. M., Kuei, S. C., and Mow, V. S. (1978) Rheological equations for synovial fluids. J. Biomech. Eng. 100, 169–186.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Lamar, J. K., Shettles, L. B., and Delfs, E. (1940) Cyclic penetrability of human cervical mucus to spermatozoa in vitro. Am. J. Physiol. 129, 234–241.Google Scholar
  23. Lutz, R. J., Litt, M., and Chakrin, L. W. (1973) Physical—chemical factors in mucus rheology. In Rheology of Biological Systems, H. L. Gabelnick and M. Litt (eds.) Charles C. Thomas, Springfield, IL, pp. 119–157.Google Scholar
  24. Ogston, A. G. (1970) The biological function of the glycosaminoglycans. In Chemistry and Molecular Biology of the Intercellular Matrix, E. A. Balazs (ed.) Academic Press, New York, pp. 1231–1240.Google Scholar
  25. Ogston, A. G. and Stanier, J. E. (1953) The physiological function of hyaluronic acid in synovial fluid; viscous, elastic and lubricant properties. J. Physiol. (London)119, 244–252 and 253–258. See also, Biochem. J. (1952), 52, 149–156.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  26. Radin, E. L., Swann, D. A., and Weisser, P. A. (1970) Separation of a hyaluronate-free lubrication fraction from synovial fluid. Nature 228, 377–378.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Scott Blair, G. W. (1974) An Introduction to Biorheology. Elsevier, New York.Google Scholar
  28. Taylor, G. I. (1951) Analysis of the swimming of microscopic organisms. Proc. Roy. Soc. London A 209, 447–461.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Taylor, G. I. (1952) The action of waving cylindrical tails in propelling microscopic organisms. Proc. Roy. Soc. London A 211, 225–239.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. von Khreningen-Guggenberger, J. (1933) Experimentelle Untersuchungen über die vertikale spermien wanderung. Arch. Gynäk. 153, 64–66.Google Scholar
  31. Wardell, J. R., Jr., Chakrin, L. W., and Payne, B. J. (1970) The canine tracheal pouch: A model for use in respiratory mucus research. Am. Rev. Resp. Dis. 101, 741–754.Google Scholar
  32. Wu, T. Y., Brokaw, C. J., and Brennen, C. (eds.) (1974) Swimming and Flying in Nature, 2 Vols. Plenum Press, New York.Google Scholar
  33. Yih, C. S. (1977) Fluid Mechanics, A Concise Introduction to the Theory,corrected edition. West River Press, Ann Arbor, MI.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yuan-Cheng Fung
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BioengineeringUniversity of California, San DiegoLa JollaUSA

Personalised recommendations