Advertisement

Why We Nap pp 118-134 | Cite as

Adult Napping and Its Effects on Ability to Function

  • David F. Dinges

Abstract

Daytime napping by otherwise healthy human adults has been a controversial topic within sleep research, owing in part to the lack of integrated information on napping. Recently, the topic was extensively reviewed (Dinges and Broughton, 1989a) and considerable evidence offered to support the conclusion that napping can often be an adaptive option, reflecting a chronobiologically regulated sleep tendency that is amplified by sleep pressure and gated by environmental opportunity (Dinges and Broughton, 1989b). This chapter reviews work we have conducted over the past 10 years on napping patterns and their effects in healthy young adults.

Keywords

Total Sleep Time Nocturnal Sleep Sleep Pressure Healthy Human Adult Sleep Inertia 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Broughton RJ (1975): Biorhythmic variations in consciousness and psychological functions. Can Psychol Rev 16:217–230CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Broughton RJ (1989): Chronobiological aspects and models of sleep and napping. In: Sleep and Alertness: Chronobiological Medical and Behavioral Aspects of Napping, Dinges DF, Broughton RJ, eds. New York: Raven Press, pp 71–98Google Scholar
  3. Carskadon MA, Dement WC (1986): Effects of a daytime nap on sleepiness during sleep restriction. Sleep Res 15:69Google Scholar
  4. Daiss SR, Bertelson AD, Benjamin LT (1986): Napping versus resting: Effects on performance and mood. Psychophysiology 23:82–88CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Dinges DF (1989): Nap patterns and effects in human adults. In Sleep and Alertness: Chronobiological, Behavioral and Medical Aspects of Napping, Dinges DF, Broughton RJ, eds. New York: Raven Press, pp 171–204Google Scholar
  6. Dinges DF (1990): Are you awake? Cognitive performance and reverie during the hypnopompic state. In Sleep and Cognition, Bootzin R, Kihlström J, Schacter D, eds. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association, pp 159–175CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Dinges DF, Broughton RJ, eds (1989a): Sleep and Alertness: Chronobiological, Behavioral and Medical Aspects of Napping. New York: Raven PressGoogle Scholar
  8. Dinges DF, Broughton RJ (1989b): The significance of napping: A synthesis. In: Sleep and Alertness: Chronobiological, Behavioral and Medical Aspects of Napping, Dinges DF, Broughton RJ, eds. New York: Raven Press, pp 299–308Google Scholar
  9. Dinges DF, Orne MT, Orne EC, Evans FJ (1980): Voluntary self-control of sleep to facilitate quasi-continuous performance. U.S. Army Med Res Dev Command, NTIS AD-A102264Google Scholar
  10. Dinges DF, Orne EC, Evans FJ, Orne MT (1981): Performance after naps in sleep-conducive and alerting environments. In: Biological Rhythms, Sleep and Shift Work. Advances in Sleep Research, Johnson L, Tepas D, Colquhoun WP, Colligan M, eds. New York: Spectrum, Vol 7, pp 539–552Google Scholar
  11. Dinges DF, Orne EC, Orne MT (1982): Napping: Symptom or adaptation? Sleep Res 11:100Google Scholar
  12. Dinges DF, Orne MT, Orne EC (1985): Sleep depth and other factors associated with performance upon abrupt awakening. Sleep Res 14:92Google Scholar
  13. Dinges DF, Orne MT, Whitehouse WG, Orne EC (1987): Temporal placement of a nap for alertness: Contributions of circadian phase and prior wakefulness. Sleep 10:313–329Google Scholar
  14. Dinges DF, Whitehouse WG, Orne EC, Orne MT (1988): The benefits of a nap during prolonged work and wakefulness. Work Stress 2:139–153CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Evans FJ, Orne MT (1975): Recovery from fatigue. U.S. Army Med Res Dev Command, NTIS A100347Google Scholar
  16. Evans FJ, Cooke MR, Cohen DH, Orne EC, Orne MT (1977): Appetitive and replacement naps: EEG and behavior. Science 197:687–689CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Gillberg M (1984): The effects of two alternative timings of one-hour nap on early morning performance. Biol Psychol 19:45–54CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Godbout R, Montplaisir J (1986): The performance of normal subjects on days with and days without naps. Sleep Res 15:71Google Scholar
  19. Ichihara S, Miyasita A, Inugami M, Yatabe M, Niimi Y, Ishihara K, Miyauchi S (1979): Comparison of diurnal naps on a chair with on a bed. Clin Electroencephalogr (Osaka) 21:293–302Google Scholar
  20. Lavie P (1986): Ultrashort sleep-waking schedule. III. “Gates” and “forbidden zones” for sleep. Electroencephalogr Clin Neurophysiol 63:414–425CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Strogatz SH (1986): The mathematical structure of the human sleep-wake cycle. Lect Notes Math 69:1–239Google Scholar
  22. Taub JM (1977): Napping behavior, activation and sleep function. Waking Sleeping 1:281–290Google Scholar
  23. Taub JM (1979): Effects of habitual variations in napping on psychomotor performance, memory and subjective states. Int J Neurosci 9:97–112CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Taub JM (1982): Effects of scheduled afternoon naps and bedrest on daytime alertness. Int J Neurosci 16:107–127CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Taub JM, Tanguay PE (1977): Effects of naps on physiological variables, performance and self-reported activation. Sleep Res 6:117Google Scholar
  26. Taub JM, Tanguay PE, Clarkson D (1976): Effects of daytime naps on performance and mood in a college student population. J Abnorm Psychol 85:210–217CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Taub JM, Tanguay PE, Rosa RR (1977): Effects of afternoon naps on physiological variables, performance and self-reported activation. Biol Psychol 5:191–210CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Taub JM, Hawkins DR, Van de Castle RL (1978): Temporal relationships of napping behavior to performance, mood states and sleep physiology. Sleep Res 7:164Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • David F. Dinges

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations