Surface Tension Driven Convection
The topic of this section is historically important since it is now believed that in Bénard’s (1900) original experiments on the convection problem, which now bears his name, the driving mechanism was one of surface tension variation due to temperature. We point out that convective instability seems to have been first described by James Thomson (1882), the elder brother of Lord Kelvin: a very clear account of this is given in Drazin & Reid (1981), p. 32.
KeywordsSurface Tension Rayleigh Number Critical Rayleigh Number Bulk Fluid Energy Theory
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