The genus Frateuria comprises bacteria formerly classified as Acetobacter aurantius (Kondo and Ameyama, 1958). These are strains isolated from the plant Lilium auratum, which are brown, pigment-producing, polarly-flagellated, acetic acid-like bacteria. They were thought by Asai (1968) to be an evolutionary “intermediate” between Pseudomonas and Gluconobacter,and the position of these “intermediate” strains was discussed in a separate chapter. Within the acetic acid bacteria, their assignment either to Gluconobacter or Acetobacter has been difficult (Swings et al., 1980; Yamada et al., 1976). Since DNA-rRNA hybridization studies showed that these isolates are quite removed from the family Acetobacteraceae, the new genus Frateuria was created for them (Swings et al., 1980). Frateuria belongs in the Proteobacteria in subclass gamma sensu Stackebrandt et al. (1988) (see Chapter 100). In Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, Frateuria was treated as a separate genus (Swings et al., 1984).
KeywordsAcetic Acid Bacterium Systematic Bacteriology Cellular Fatty Acid Composition Separate Chapter Yeast Extract Broth
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