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The Prokaryotes pp 3620-3630 | Cite as

The Genera Flavobacterium,Sphingobacterium, and Weeksella

  • Barry Holmes

Abstract

The name Flavobacterium was proposed in 1923 for a genus of the family Bacteriaceae, encompassing the rod-shaped, nonendosporeforming, chemoorganotrophic bacteria (Bergey et al., 1923). Most of the pigmented bacteria of the family were segregated in the tribe Chromobactereae, which contained four genera of aerobic bacteria separated from each other by differences in color. These genera were Chromobacterium, Flavobacterium, Pseudomonas, and Serratia, for the purple, yellow, green fluorescent, and red strains, respectively. This emphasis on pigmentation (a character shared by genetically diverse bacteria [Weeks, 1969]) for taxonomic assignment to Flavobacterium has given the genus a dubious reputation in the past (McMeekin et al., 1972; Weeks, 1969), and as a consequence the genus has served too frequently as a repository for pigmented bacteria that possess the general attributes of Flavobacterium but had not been subjected to detailed classification studies. Taxonomic heterogeneity and general uncertainty have characterized Flavobacterium from its inception, and its history is a record of proposals to achieve credibility for the genus.

Keywords

Clinical Microbiology Systematic Bacteriology Determinative Bacteriology Genus Flavobacterium Apply Bacteriology 
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  • Barry Holmes

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