The Prokaryotes pp 3568-3582 | Cite as

The Genus Leptospira

  • Solly Faine


Bacteria of the genus Leptospira are ubiquitous, associated with most mammals, and with marsupials and certain amphibia, or found free-living in soil and surface waters. Some strains of leptospires can cause an acute generalized infection, characterized by fever and hemorrhages, called leptospirosis. Leptospires may remain and grow in the kidneys of animals that recover from the acute infection but remain renal excretors or carriers, shedding leptospires in their urine. Humans may be infected but do not remain carriers and are thus not natural hosts.


Outer Envelope Microscopic Agglutination Test Darkfield Microscopy Pathogenic Leptospire Oclonal Antibody 
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  • Solly Faine

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