Advertisement

The Prokaryotes pp 3390-3392 | Cite as

The Genus Thermodesulfobacterium

  • Friedrich Widdel

Abstract

The genus Thermodesulfobacterium was established for a thermophilic sulfate-reducing eu-bacterium that grew optimally at 70°C (Zeikus et al., 1983) and possessed unusual nonisoprenoid ether-linked lipids (Langworthy et al., 1983). Later a sulfate reducer originally described as Desulfovibrio thermophilus (Roza-nova and Khudyakova, 1974) was transferred to the same genus as Thermodesulfobacterium mobile (Rozanova and Pivovarova, 1988). The two Thermodesulfobacterium species are nutritionally relatively restricted, incomplete oxidizers using H2, formate, lactate, or pyruvate as electron donors for sulfate reduction to H2S. The morphology of T mobile is shown in Fig. 1.

Keywords

Sulfate Reducer Nitrilotriacetic Acid Incomplete Oxidizer Tron Donor Phase Contrast Photomicrograph 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literature Cited

  1. Collins, M. D., and F. Widdel. 1986. Respiratory quinones of sulfate-reducing and sulfur-reducing bacteria: a systematic investigation. Syst. Appl. Microbiol. 8: 8–18.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Cord-Ruwisch, R., W. Kleinitz, and F. Widdel. 1986. Sulfatreduzierende Bakterien in einem Erdölfeld-Arten und Wachstumsbedingungen. Erdöl, Erdgas, Kohle 102. Jahrg.: 281–289.Google Scholar
  3. Fauque, G., M. H. Czechowski, L. Kang-Lissolo, D. V. DerVartanian, J. J. G. Moura, I. Moura, J. Lampreia, A. V. Xavier, and J. LeGall. 1986. Purification of adenylyl sulfate (APS) reductase and desulfofuscidin from a thermophilic sulfate reducer: Desulfovibrio thermophilus, p. 92. In: Abstract Annual Meeting Society Industrial Microbiology, San Francisco.Google Scholar
  4. Fauque, G., J. LeGall, and L. L. Barton. 1991. Sulfate-reducing and sulfur-reducing bacteria, p. 271–337. In: J. M. Shively and L. L. Barton (ed.), Variations in autotrophic life. Academic Press, New York.Google Scholar
  5. Hatchikian, E. C., P. Papavassiliou, P. Bianco, and J. Haladjian. 1984. Characterization of cytochrome c3 from the thermophilic sulfate reducer, Thermodesulfobacterium commune. J. Bacteriol. 159: 1040–1046.PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  6. Hatchikian, E. C., and J. G. Zeikus. 1983. Characterization of a new type of dissimilatory sulfite reductase present in Thermodesulfobacterium commune. J. Bacteriol. 153: 1211–1220.PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  7. Langworthy, T. A., G. Holzer, J. G. Zeikus, and T. G. Tornabene. 1983. Iso-and anteiso-branched glycerol diethers of the thermophilic anaerobe Thermodesulfobacterium commune. Syst. Appl. Microbiol. 4: 1–17.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Nazina, T. N., A. B. Poltaraus, and E. P. Rozanova. 1987. Estimation of genetic relationship between rod-shaped asporogenic sulfate-reducing bacteria. Mikrobiologiya (USSR) 56: 845–848.Google Scholar
  9. Rozanova, E. P., and A. I. Khudyakova. 1974. A new nonsporeforming thermophilic sulfate-reducing organism, Desulfovibrio thermophilus nov. spec. Mikrobiologiya (USSR) 43: 1069–1075.Google Scholar
  10. Rozanova, E. R, and T. A. Pivovarova. 1988. Reclassification of Desulfovibrio thermophilus (Rozanova, Khudyakova, 1974). Mikrobiologiya (USSR) 57: 102–106.Google Scholar
  11. Zeikus, J. G., M. A. Dawson, T. E. Thompson, K. Ingvorsen, and E. C. Hatchikian. 1983. Microbial ecology of volcanic sulphidogenesis: isolation and characterization of Thermodesulfobacterium commune gen. nov. and sp. nov. J. Gen. Microbiol. 129: 1159–1169.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Friedrich Widdel

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations