Biomaterials pp 117-140 | Cite as

Ceramic Implant Materials

  • Joon B. Park
  • Roderic S. Lakes


Ceramics are refractory, polycrystalline compounds, usually inorganic, including silicates, metallic oxides, carbides, and various refractory hydrides, sulfides, and selenides. Oxides such as Al2O3, MgO, and SiO2 contain metallic and nonmetallic elements, whereas others such as NaCl, CsCl, and ZnS are ionic salts. Exceptions are diamond and carbonaceous structures like graphite and pyrolized carbons, which are covalently bonded. Important factors influencing the structure-property relationship of the ceramic materials are radius ratios (Section 2.2.2) and the relative electronegativity between the positive and negative ions.


Flexural Strength Calcium Phosphate Barium Titanate Calcium Aluminate Pyrolytic Carbon 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joon B. Park
    • 1
  • Roderic S. Lakes
    • 1
  1. 1.The University of IowaIowa CityUSA

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