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The Structure of Solids

  • Joon B. Park
  • Roderic S. Lakes

Abstract

The properties of a material are determined by its structure and chemical composition. Since chemical behavior depends ultimately upon the internal structural arrangement of the atoms, all material properties may be attributed to structure. Structure occurs on many levels of scale. These scales may be somewhat arbitrarily defined as the atomic or molecular (0.1–1 nm), nanoscale or ultrastructural (1 nm–1 µm), microstructural (1 µm–1 mm), and macrostructural (>1 mm). In pure elements, alloys, ceramics, and in polymers, the major structural features are on the atomic/molecular scale. Polycrystalline materials such as cast metals consist of grains, which may be quite large; however, the boundaries between the grains are atomic-scale features.

Keywords

Coordination Number Natural Rubber Side Group Interstitial Atom Radius Ratio 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joon B. Park
    • 1
  • Roderic S. Lakes
    • 1
  1. 1.The University of IowaIowa CityUSA

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