Until the 1940s, falls and fall-related injuries were considered accidents, that is “acts of God,” random or chance events without observable or understandable explanations.1 However, beginning with the early studies by Droller, Sheldon, and Fine, falls have increasingly been recognized as predictable, and potentially preventable, health problems worthy of careful investigation.2–4 As evidenced by their association with other functional problems, such as incontinence, and by a high mortality rate not due to injury, falls by the very frail elderly may simply be markers for deterioration. However, falls by elderly persons other than the very frail appear to result from either single specific causes or, more often, from the accumulated effect of multiple identifiable risk factors.
KeywordsNursing Home Postural Hypotension Elderly Person Nursing Home Resident Cervical Spondylosis
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