• Michael T. Goldfarb
  • Charles N. Ellis
  • John J. Voorhees


The aging process is most clearly demonstrated in the skin. Since the skin is visible to all, the changes from normal aging and exposure to the physical elements can be disturbing to the elderly, who may seek ways to reverse these cutaneous changes. Also the various dermatologic diseases and growths that may appear with aging are easily noted by both the patient and physician. This chapter will concentrate on the skin changes that occur with aging and the dermatologic diseases that affect primarily the older age groups.


Herpes Zoster Basal Cell Carcinoma Bullous Pemphigoid Aging Skin Seborrheic Dermatitis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Fenske NA, Lober CW. Structural and functional changes of normal aging skin. J Am Acad Dermatol 1986; 15: 571–585.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Rook A, Dawber R. Diseases of the Hair and Scalp. Boston, Mass: Blackwell Scientific Publication Inc; 1982.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Kligman LH. Photoaging: manifestations, prevention and treatment. Dermatol Clin 1986; 4: 517–528.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Gilchrest BA. Skin and Aging Processes. Boca Raton, Fla: CRC Press Inc, 1984.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Ogawa CM. Degenerative skin disorders: toll of age and sun. Geriatrics 1975; 30: 65–69.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Shahrad P, Marks R. The wages of warmth: changes in erythema ab igne. Br J Dermatol 1977; 97: 179–186.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Sneddon IB. Winter ailments of skin. Practitioner 1968; 201: 886–891.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Hellgren L, Mobacken H. Nummular eczema: clinical and statistical data. Acta Derm Venereol 1969; 49: 189–196.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Schaffer B, Beerman H. Lichen simplex chronicus and its variants. Arch Dermatol 1951; 64: 340–351.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Lyell A. The itching patient: a review of the causes of pruritus. Scott Med J 1972; 17: 334–347.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Schoenfeld RJ, Schoenfeld FL. Angular cheilitis. Cutis 1977; 19: 213–216.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Young AW, Jr. Seborrhea in the geriatric patient: incidence, implication, management. Geriatrics 1969; 24: 144–150.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Farr PM, Shuster S. Treatment of seborrheic dermatitis with topical keotconazole. Lancet 1984; 2: 1271–1272.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Roenigk HH Jr, Maibach HI. Psoriasis. New York, NY: Marcel Dekker Inc; 1985.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Gross DA, Landau JW, Newcomer VD. Pityriasis rubra pilaris. Arch Dermatol 1969; 99: 710–716.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Fisher AA. Contact Dermatitis, 3rd ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Lea & Febiger; 1986.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Arndt KA, Jick H. Rates of cutaneous reactions to drugs: a report from the Boston Collaborative Drug Surveillance Program. JAMA 1976; 235: 918–923.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Lever WF. Pemphigus and pemphigoid. J Am Acad Dermatol 1979; 1: 2–31.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Alexander-Williams J. Pruritus ani. Br Med J 1983; 287: 159–160.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Barker LP, Gross P. Lichen sclerosus et atrophicus of the female genitalia. Arch Dermatol 1962; 85: 362–373.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Khezri AA, Dounis A, Dunn M. Balanitis xerotica obliterans. Br J Urol 1979; 51: 229–231.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Imperial R, Helwig EB. Angiokeratoma of the scrotum (Fordyce type). J Urol 1967; 98: 379–387.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Burgoon CF, Burgoon JS, Baldridge GD. The natural history of herpes zoster. JAMA 1957; 164: 265–269.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Balfour HH Jr, Bean B, Laskin OL, et al. Acyclovir halts progression of herpes zoster in immunocompromised patients. N Engl J Med 1983; 308: 1448–1453.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Walshe MM, English MP. fungi in nails. Br J Dermatol 1966; 78: 198–207.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Mehregan AH, Rahbari H. Benign epithelial tumors of the skin, I: epidermal tumors. Cutis 1977; 19: 43–48.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Mehregan AH, Rahbari H. Benign epithelial tumors of the skin, II: benign sebaceous tumors. Cutis 1977; 19: 317–320.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Bodian EL. Techniques of sclerotherapy for sunburst venous blemishes. J Dermatol Surg Oncol 1985; 11: 696–704.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Brownstein MH, Rabinowitz AD. The precursors of cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma. Mt J Dermatol 1979; 18: 1–16.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Albright SD III. Treatment of skin cancer using multiple modalities. J Am Acad Dermatol 1982; 7: 143–171.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Schwartz RA. The keratoacanthoma: a review. J Surg Oncol 1979; 12: 305–317.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Clark WH Jr, Mihm MC Jr. Lentigo maligna and lentigo maligna melanoma. Am J Pathol 1969; 55: 39–67.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Rigel DS, Rogers GS, Friedman RJ. Prognosis of malignant melanoma. Dermatol Clin 1985; 3: 309–314.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Ashikari R, Park K, Huvos AG, et al. Paget’s disease of the breast. Cancer 1970; 26: 680–685.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Lee SC, Roth LM, Ehrlich C, et al. Extramammary Paget’s disease of the vulva: a clinicopathologic study of 13 cases. Cancer 1977; 39: 2540–2549.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Reynolds WA, Winkelmann RK, Soule EH. Kaposi’s sarcoma: a clinicopathologic study with particular reference to its relationship to the reticuloendothelial system. Medicine 1965; 44: 419–443.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Mehregan AH, Usndek HE. Malignant angioendothelioma. Arch Dermatol 1976; 112: 1565–1567.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Reingold IM. Cutaneous metastases from internal carcinoma. Cancer 1966; 19: 162–168.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Leu HJ. Differential diagnosis of chronic leg ulcers. Angiology 1963; 14: 288–296.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Kelly PJ, Coventry MB. Neutropic ulcers of the feet: review of 47 cases. JAMA 1958; 168: 388–393.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Gambert SR, Gaunsing AR. Protein-calorie malnutrition in the elderly. Am Geriatr Soc 1980; 28: 272–275.Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    Weiss JS, Ellis CN, Headington JT, et al. Topical tretionoin improves photoaged skin: a double-blind, vehicle-controlled study JAMA 1988; 259: 527–532.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael T. Goldfarb
  • Charles N. Ellis
  • John J. Voorhees

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations