Advertisement

Polymers and Polymer Chemistry in Hair Products

  • Clarence R. Robbins

Abstract

Polymers have become increasingly important components of cosmetics over the past few decades. Their more important uses are as primary ingredients or adjuncts in shampoos, conditioning products, styling products (lotions and gels), mousses, and hair sprays. They have been used to condition hair [1,2] and to improve the substantivity of other ingredients to hair [3,4], to improve combing [1], manageability [1,2], body [5], and curl retention [2,6,7]; to thicken formulations [8,9]; and to improve emulsion stability [8].

Keywords

Human Hair Vinyl Acetate Cationic Polymer Crotonic Acid Hair Fiber 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Gerstein, T. U.S. Pat. 3, 990, 991 (1976).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Lang, E.W. U.S. Pat. 3, 400, 198 (1968).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Parran, J. Jr. U.S. Pat. 3, 489, 686 (1970).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Parran, J. Jr. U.S. Pat. 3, 580, 853 (1971).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Hough, P.S. et al. J. Soc. Cosmet. Chem. 27, 571 (1976).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Kitazawa, T., et. al. Cosmet. Perfumery 89 (1), 33 (1974).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Gillette Co. Br. Pat. 944, 439 (1963).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Rufe, R.G. Cosmet. Perfumery 90, 93 (1975).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Knechtel, A. Am. Perfumer 78, 95 (1963).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Kamath, Y., et al. J. Soc. Cosmetic Chem. 28, 273 (1977).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Miller, B., and Young, R. Textile Res. J. 45, 359 (1975).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Fawkes, F.M. In “Chemistry and Physics of Interfaces,” pp 1 – 12, Gushee (ed.), American Chemical Society, Washington, DC (1965).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Wu, S. J. Polymer Sci. (Part C) 34, 19 (1971).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Steinhardt, J., et al. J. Res. Natl. Bur. Stand. 28, 201 (1942).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Steinhardt, J., and Zaiser, E. J. Res. Natl. Bur. Stand. 35, 789 (1949).Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Pauling, L. “The Nature of the Chemical Bond,” p 3, Cornell University Press, Ithaca, NY (1948).Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Maron, S.H., and Prutton, C.F. “Principles of Physical Chemistry,” p 742, Macmillan, New York (1958).Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Gilreath, E.S. “Fundamental Concepts of Inorganic Chemistry,” p 219, McGraw-Hill, New York (1958).Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Morrison, R.T., and Boyd, R.N. “Organic Chemistry,” p 19, Allyn and Bacon, Boston (1960).Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Mark, H. In “The Chemistry of Large Molecules,” Frontiers in Science I, p 66, Burk and Grummitt (eds.), Interscience, New York (1943).Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Mark, H. Ind. Eng. Chem. 34, 1343 (1942).Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Pauling, L. “The Nature of the Chemical Bond,” p 160, Cornell University Press, Ithaca, NY (1948).Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Faucher, J.A., and Goddard, E. J. Colloid Interface Sci. 55, 313 (1976).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Wilkerson, V. J. Biol. Chemistry 112, 329 (1935).Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Faucher, J.A., et al. Textile Res. J. 47, 616 (1977).Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Paul, D.R., and McSpadden, S.K. J. Membrane Sci. 1, 33 (1976).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Cooperman, E.S., and Johnson, V.L. Cosmet. Perfumery 88, 19 (1973).Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Chow, C. Textile Res. J. 41, 444 (1971).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Crawford, R.J., and Robbins, C.R. J. Soc. Cosmet. Chem. 31, 273 (1980).Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Scott, G.V., et al. J. Soc. Cosmet. Chem. 20, 135 (1969).Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Goddard, E., and Hannah, R.B. J. Colloid Interface Sci. 55, 73 (1976).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Hannah, R.B., et al. Textile Res. J. 48, 57 (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Goddard, E.D., et al. J. Soc. Cosmet. Chem. 26, 539 (1975).Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    CTFA Cosmetic Ingredient Dictionary,” 3d edition, Estrin et al. (eds.), Cosmetic, Toiletry and Fragrance Association, Washington, DC (1982).Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Robbins, C.R., and Scott, G.V. Textile Res. J. 40, 951 (1970).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Schwuger, J.J. J. Colloid Interface Sci. 43, 491 (1973).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Putnam, F.W., and Neurath, H.J. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 66, 692 (1944).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    Putnam, F.W., and Neurath, H.J. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 66, 1992 (1944).Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    Isemura, T., and Imanishi, J. J. Polymer Sci. 33, 337 (1958).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Murata, M., and Arai, H. J. Colloid Interface Sci. 44, 474 (1973).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Woodard, J. J. Soc. Cosmet. Chem. 23, 593 (1972).Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    Sykes, A.R., and Hammes, P.A. Drug Cosmet. Ind. 62 (February 1980).Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    Herd, J., and Marriot, R. J. Soc. Cosmetic Chem. 10, 272 (1959).Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    Newman, W. Textile Res. J. 42, 214 (1972).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    Karjala, S.A., et al. J. Soc. Cosmet. Chem. 18, 599 (1967).Google Scholar
  46. 46.
    Karjala, S.A., et al. J. Soc. Cosmet. Chem. 17, 513 (1966).Google Scholar
  47. 47.
    Cooperman, E., and Johnson, V. Cosmet. Perfumery 88, (7), 19 (1973).Google Scholar
  48. 48.
    Stern, E.S. and Johnson, V. 9th International Fed.Soc.Cosmet. Chem. U.S.A., 753 (1976).Google Scholar
  49. 49.
    Johnsen, M.A. Cosmetics and Toiletries 97, 27 (Jan. 1982).Google Scholar
  50. 50.
    Root, M. Cosmetics and Toiletries 94, 37 (March 1979).Google Scholar
  51. 51.
    Berger, F.J. In “Cosmetics Science and Technology,” Sagarin (ed.)., p 531, Interscience, New York (1957).Google Scholar
  52. 52.
    Bohac, S. J. Soc. Cosmet. Chem. 23, 125 (1972).Google Scholar
  53. 53.
    Erlemann, G.A. J. Soc. Cosmet. Chem. 22, 287 (1971).Google Scholar
  54. 54.
    Eckardt, W. J. Soc. Cosmet. Chem. 21, 281 (1970).Google Scholar
  55. 55.
    Ayer, R., and Thompson, J. J. Soc. Cosmet. Chem. 23, 617 (1972).Google Scholar
  56. 56.
    Reed, A.B.Jr., and Bronfein, I. Drug Cosmet. Ind. 94, 178 (1964).Google Scholar
  57. 57.
    Micchelli, A., and Koehler, F.T. J. Soc. Cosmet. Chem. 19, 863 (1968).Google Scholar
  58. 58.
    Ganslaw, S., and Koehler, F.T. J. Soc. Cosmet. Chem. 29, 65 (1978).Google Scholar
  59. 59.
    Robbins, C.R., and Anzuino, G. J. Soc. Cosmet. Chem. 22, 579 (1971).Google Scholar
  60. 60.
    Robbins, C., et al. U.S. Pat. 3, 634, 022 (1972).Google Scholar
  61. 61.
    Brody, F., and Burns, M. J. Soc. Cosmet. Chem. 19, 361 (1968).Google Scholar
  62. 62.
    Corbett, J. J. Soc. Cosmet. Chem. 20, 253 (1969).Google Scholar
  63. 63.
    Corbett, J. J. Soc. Cosmet. Chem. 24, 103 (1973).Google Scholar
  64. 64.
    Madaras, G.W., and Speakman, J.B. J. Soc. Dyers Col. 70, 112 (1954).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. 65.
    Negishi, M., et al. J. Appl. Polymer Sci. 11, 115 (1967).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. 66.
    Ingram, P., et al. J. Polymer Sci. 6, 1895 (1968).Google Scholar
  67. 67.
    Campbell, J., et al. Polymer Letters 6, 409 (1968).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. 68.
    Fong, W., et al. Proc. 3d Int. Wool Textile Res. Conf. 111, 417 (1965).Google Scholar
  69. 69.
    Robbins, C.R., et al. J. Soc. Cosmet. Chem. 25, 407 (1974).Google Scholar
  70. 70.
    Wolfram, L.J. J. Soc. Cosmet. Chem. 20, 539 (1969).Google Scholar
  71. 71.
    Hermann, K.W. Trans. Faraday Soc. 59, 1663 (1963).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. 72.
    Jenkins, A.D., and Wolfram, L.J. J. Soc. Dyers Col. 79, 55 (1963).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. 73.
    Crank, J. “Mathematics of Diffusion,” p 71, Oxford University Press, Oxford, U.K. (1967).Google Scholar
  74. 74.
    Merck Index,” 9th Ed., Windholz et al. (eds.), p 127, Merck & Co., Rahway, NJ (1976).Google Scholar
  75. 75.
    Merck Index,” 9th Ed., Windholz et al. (eds.), p 500, Merck & Co., Rahway, NJ (1976).Google Scholar
  76. 76.
    Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci. 246, 1 – 337 (1975).Google Scholar
  77. 77.
    Merck Index,” 9th Ed., Windholz et al. (eds.), p 127, Merck & Co., Rahway, NJ (1976).Google Scholar
  78. 78.
    Idson, B., and Lee, W. Cosmet. Toiletries 98, 41 (October 1983).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Clarence R. Robbins
    • 1
  1. 1.Research and Development DivisionColgate-Palmolive CompanyPiscatawayUSA

Personalised recommendations