Skip to main content

The Nature of Emotions: Clinical Implications

  • Chapter

Abstract

Regardless of how much or how little education we have on various subjects, there is one topic on which each of us is the world’s leading expert, and that subject is ourselves. And just as we know a great deal about the public and private sides of ourselves, we know a great deal about that part of ourselves called emotions. We all believe that we know our own emotions and can recognize emotions in other people. Yet, despite this belief, experts in this field seem to have a great deal of difficulty coming to any agreement about what emotions really are. But one thing that everyone does agree on is that emotions are the source of our greatest pleasures and our greatest pains. And when we have problems in life we often refer to them as emotional problems.

Keywords

  • Coping Style
  • Complex Chain
  • Basic Emotion
  • Personality Profile
  • Albert Einstein College

These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Buying options

Chapter
USD   29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4757-1987-1_1
  • Chapter length: 20 pages
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
eBook
USD   89.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-1-4757-1987-1
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Softcover Book
USD   119.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  • Anderson, N.H: 1987, Information integration approach to emotions and their measurement. In Plutchik, R. and Kellerman, H. (Eds.) “The measurement of emotions.” Vol. 4. New York: Academic Press, In Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Blanchard, D.C: 1984, Applicability of animal models to human aggression. In: “Biological perspectives on aggression”. New York: Alan R. Liss.

    Google Scholar 

  • Buckley P., Conte, H.R., Plutchik, R., Wild, K.V., and Karasu, T.B: 1984, Psychodynamic variables as predictors of psychotherapy outcome. American Journal of Psychiatry, 141, 742–748.

    PubMed  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Buirski, P., Kellerman, H., Plutchik, R., Weininger, R., and Buirski, N: 1973, A field study of emotions, dominance and social behavior in a group of baboons (Papio anubis). Primates, 14. 67–78.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Cattell, R.B: 1957, “Personality and motivation: Structure and measurement” New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich.

    Google Scholar 

  • Conte, H.R. and Plutchik, R: 1981, A circumplex model for interpersonal personality traits. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 40, 701–711.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Conte, H.R. and Plutchik, R: 1986, “The Personality Profile: Development of a new circumplex measure of personality”. Unpublished manuscript.

    Google Scholar 

  • Darwin, C. (1872/1965). “The expression of the emotions in man and animals”. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Davitz, J.R: 1970, A dictionary and grammar of emotion. In M. Arnold (Ed.). “Feelings and emotions: The Loyola Symposium”. N.Y., Academic Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Ellis, A: 1962, “ Reason and emotion in psychotherapy.” New York: Lyle Stuart.

    Google Scholar 

  • Fuller, J.L: 1986, Genetics and emotions. In: R. Plutchik and H. Kellerman (Eds.). “Biological foundations of emotion”. New York: Academic Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Goddard, M.E. and Bailharz, R.G: 1985, A multivariate analysis of the genetics of fearfulness in potential guide dogs. Behavior Genetics, 15, 69–89.

    PubMed  CrossRef  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Hinde, R.A: 1966, “Animal behavior: A synthesis of ethology and comparative psychology”. New York: McGraw-Hill.

    Google Scholar 

  • Kellerman, H: 1979, “Group therapy and personality: intersecting structures”. New York: Grune & Stratton.

    Google Scholar 

  • Lazarus, A.A: 1976, “Multimodel behavior therapy”. New York: Springer

    Google Scholar 

  • Liberman, R.P: 1985, Psychosocial therapies for schizophrenia. In: H.I. Kaplan andB.J. Sadock (Eds.) “Comprehensive textbook of psychiatry”, IVth edition. Baltimore: Williams & Williams, 724–734.

    Google Scholar 

  • Loehlin, J.C., Horn, J.M., and Williams, L: 1981, Personality resemblance in adoptive families. Behavior Genetics, 11, 309–330.

    PubMed  CrossRef  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Nowlis, V: 1965, “Research with the Mood Adjective Checklist”. In: S.S. Tomkins A. and C.E. Izard (Eds.) “Affect, cognition, personality”. New York: Springer.

    Google Scholar 

  • Plutchik, R: 1980, “Emotions: A psychoevolutionary synthesis” New York: Harper & Row.

    Google Scholar 

  • Plutchik, R: 1983 Universal problems of adaptation: hierarchy, territoriality, identity and temporality. In: J.B. Calhoun (Ed.) “Environment and population: problems of adaptation”. New York: Praeger.

    Google Scholar 

  • Plutchik, R: 1984, Emotions: A general psychoevolutionary theory. In: K.R. Scherer and P. Keman (Eds.) “Approaches to emotion” Hillsdale, New Jersey, Lawrence Erlbaum Assoc.

    Google Scholar 

  • Plutchik, R., Conte, H.R. and Karasu, T. B: August, 1984, “Survey of the matic dimensions of psychotherapy”. Paper presented at the meeting of the American Psychological Association, Toronto, Canada.

    Google Scholar 

  • Plutchik, R., and Kellerman, H: 1974, `Manual of the Emotions Profile Index“. Los Angeles, California. Western Psychological Services.

    Google Scholar 

  • Plutchik, R., Kellerman, H. and Conte, H.R: 1979 ). A structural theory of ego defenses. In: C.E. Izard (Ed.) “Emotions, personality and psychopathology”. New York: Plenum.

    Google Scholar 

  • Plutchik, R. and Platman, S.R: 1977, Personality connotations of psychiatric diagnoses. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 165, 418–422.

    PubMed  CrossRef  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Russell, J.A: 1987, Measures of emotion. In: R. Plutchik & H. Kellerman (Eds.) “The measurement of emotion”. Vol. 4 New York: Academic Press, In Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Schaefer, E.S. and Plutchik, R: 1966, Interrelationships of emotions, traits, and diagnostic constructs. Psychological Reports, 18, 399–410.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Smith, M.L., Glass, G.V., and Miller, T. I: 1980, “The benefits of psychotherapy” Baltimore: The John Hopkins University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Stevenson-Hinde, J. and Simpson, A.E: 1982, Temperament and relationships. In: R. Porter and G.M. Collins ( Eds.) “Temperamental differences in infants and young children”. London & Pitman.

    Google Scholar 

  • Van Hooff, J.A.R.A.M: 1967, Facial displays of catarrihine monkeys and apes. In: D.Morris (Ed.) “Primate ethology”. Chicago: Aldine.

    Google Scholar 

  • Van Hooff, J.A.R.A.M: 1973, A structural analysis of the social behavior of a semicaptive group of chimpanzees. In: M. von Cranach and I. Vine (Eds.) “Social communication and movement”. New York: Academic Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Wiggins, J.S. and Broughton, R: 1985, Ther interpersonal circle: A structural model for the integration of personality research. Perspectives in Personality, 1, 1–47.

    Google Scholar 

  • Wimer, R.E. and Wimer, C.C: 1985, Animal behavior genetics: A search for the biological foundations of behavior. Annual Review of Psychology, 36, 171–218.

    PubMed  CrossRef  CAS  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

Copyright information

© 1988 Springer Science+Business Media New York

About this chapter

Cite this chapter

Plutchik, R. (1988). The Nature of Emotions: Clinical Implications. In: Clynes, M., Panksepp, J. (eds) Emotions and Psychopathology. Springer, Boston, MA. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4757-1987-1_1

Download citation

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4757-1987-1_1

  • Publisher Name: Springer, Boston, MA

  • Print ISBN: 978-1-4757-1989-5

  • Online ISBN: 978-1-4757-1987-1

  • eBook Packages: Springer Book Archive