Advertisement

Metastatic Tumors of the Ovary

  • Robert H. Young
  • Robert E. Scully

Abstract

Tumors may metastasize to the ovary from many organs and tissues outside the female genital tract, but neoplasms arising in the intestine, stomach, and breast and hematopoietic tumors, some of which are also primary in the ovary, are the most common forms encountered by the pathologist.* Hematopoietic tumors are discussed in Chapter 21, Nonspecific Ovarian Tumors, and are not considered further in this chapter. Tumors that extend to the ovary directly from adjacent organs or tissues are also included in the broad category of metastatic or secondary tumors; determination of the origin of the tumor in such cases may be impossible when both ovarian and extraovarian involvement is extensive. Metastasis of tumors originating in other organs of the genital tract is discussed in this chapter, but ovarian involvement as part of diffuse neoplasms of the peritoneum is not considered.

Keywords

Obstet Gynecol Carcinoid Tumor Endometrial Carcinoma Thymic Carcinoma Granulosa Cell Tumor 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Abrams HL, Spiro R, Goldstein N (1950) Metastases in carcinoma. Cancer 3: 74–85PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Acosta-Sison H (1958) The relative frequency of various anatomic sites as the point of first metastasis in 32 cases of chorionepithelioma. Am J Obstet Gynecol 75: 1149–1152PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Aguirre P, Scully RE (1982) Malignant neuroectodermal tumor of the ovary, a distinctive form of monodermal teratoma. Report of five cases. Am J Surg Pathol 6: 283–292Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Akwari 0E, Dozois RR, Weiland LH, Beahrs OH (1978) Leiomyosarcoma of the small and large bowel. Cancer 42: 1375–1384PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Amorn Y, Knight WA (1978) Primary linitis plastica of the colon: Report of two cases and review of the literature. Cancer 41: 2420–2425Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Anderson LL, Lad TE (1982) Autopsy findings in squamous-cell carcinoma of the esophagus. Cancer 50: 1587–1590PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Andriole GL, Garnick MB, Richie JP (1985) Unusual behavior of low-grade, low-stage transitional cell carcinoma of bladder. Urology 25: 524–526PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Antoniades K, Spector HB, Hecksher RH (1977) Prophylactic oophorectomy in conjunction with large-bowel resection for cancer. Report of two cases. Dis Colon Rectum 20: 506–510Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Aron BS (1974) Wilms’ tumor—A clinical study of eighty-one patients. Cancer 33: 637–646PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Ask-Upmark E (1932) On the location of malignant metastases with special regard to the behavior of the primary malignant tumours of the lung. Acta Pathol Microbiol Scand 9: 239–248CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Baab GH, McBride CM (1975) Malignant melanoma. The patient with an unknown site of primary origin. Arch Surg 110: 896–900Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Babaian RJ, Johnson DE, Llamas L, Ayala AG (1980) Metastases from transitional cell carcinoma of urinary bladder. Urology 16: 142–144PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Baggish MS, Woodruff JD (1972) Uterine stromatosis. Clinicopathologic features and hormone dependency. Ob-stet Gynecol 40: 487–498Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Baltzer J, Lohe KJ, Lopcke W, Zander J (1981) Metastatischer befall der ovarien beim operierten plattenepithelkarzinom der zervix. Geburtsh Frauenheilk 41: 672–673PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Batata MA, Martini N, Huvos AG, Aguilar RJ, Beattie EJ. (1974) Thymomas: Clinicopathological features, therapy and prognosis. Cancer 34: 389–396Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Batata MA, Whitmore WF, Hilaris BS, Tokita N, Grabstald H. (1975) Primary carcinoma of the ureter. A prognostic study. Cancer 35: 1616–1632Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Beck RP, Latour JPA (1963) Necropsy reports on 36 cases of endometrial carcinoma. Am J Obstet Gynecol 85: 307–311PubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Ben David M, Feldberg D, Dicker D, Kessler H, Goldman JA (1984) Ovarian melanoma. An interesting case. Int J Gynaecol Obstet 22: 77–79Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Bennington JL, Beckwith JB (1975) Tumors of the kidney, renal pelvis, and ureter. Atlas of Tumor Pathology, Second Series, Fascicle 12. Washington, DC, Armed Forces Institute of PathologyGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Berardi RS (1972) Carcinoid tumors of the colon (exclusive of the rectum). Review of the literature. Dis Colon Rectum 15: 383–391PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Black WC, Benitez RE (1964) Nonteratomatous squamous-cell carcinoma in situ of the ovary. Obstet Gynecol 24: 865–868PubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Blarney SL, McDermott FT, Pihl E, Hughes SR (1981) Resected ovarian recurrence from colorectal adenocarcinoma. A study of 13 cases. Dis Colon Rectum 24: 272–275CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Block M, Gilbert E, Davis C (1984) Metastatic neuroblastoma arising in an ovarian teratoma with long-term survival. Case report and review of the literature. Cancer 54: 590–595Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Brandt-Rauf PW, Pincus M, Adelson S (1982) Cancer of the gallbladder. A review of forty-three cases. Hum Pathol 13: 48–53Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Breslow NE, Palmer NF, Hill LR, Buring J, D’Angio GJ (1978) Wilms’ tumor. Prognostic factors for patients without metastasis at diagnosis. Results of the National Wilms’ Tumor Study. Cancer 41: 1577–1589Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Brickman M, Ferreira B (1967) Metastasis of breast carcinoma to the ovaries-incidence, significance, and relationship to survival. A preliminary study. Grace Hosp Bull 45: 44–49Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Briese VV, Rohde E (1984) Ovarielle metastasierung eines thymoms. Zentralbl Gynakol 106: 473–476PubMedGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Brown BL, Scharifker DA, Gordon R, Deppe GG, Cohen CJ (1980) Bronchial carcinoid tumor with ovarian metastasis. A light microscopic and ultrastructural study. Cancer 46: 543–546Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Buller RE, Braga CA, Tanagho EA, Miller T (1983) Renal-cell carcinoma metastatic to the ovary. A case report. J Reprod Med 28: 217–220Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Bullon A, Arseneau J, Prat J, Young RH, Scully RE (1981) Tubular Krukenberg tumor. A problem in histopathologic diagnosis. Am J Surg Pathol 5: 225–232Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Bunker ML (1959) The terminal findings in endometrial carcinoma. Am J Obstet Gynecol 77: 530–538PubMedGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Burt CAV (1951) Prophylactic oophorectomy with resection of the large bowel for cancer. Am J Surg 82: 571–577PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Campbell AN, Chan HSL, Becker LE, Daneman A, Park TS, Hoffman HJ (1984) Extracranial metastases in childhood primary intracranial tumors. A report of 21 cases and review of the literature. Cancer 53: 974–981PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Campbell JS, Magner D, Fournier P (1961) Adenocarcinoma of ovary and uterus occurring as coexisting or sequential primary neoplasms. Cancer 14: 817–826PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Campbell JS, Lou P, Ferguson JP, Krongold I, Kemeny T, Mitton DM, Allan N (1973) Pseudomyxoma peritonei et ovarii with occult neoplasms of appendix. Obstet Gynecol 42: 897–902PubMedGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    Carcangiu ML, Steeper T, Zampi G, Rosai J (1985) Ana-plastic thyroid carcinoma. A study of 70 cases. Am J Clin Pathol 83: 135–158PubMedGoogle Scholar
  37. 37.
    Case Records of the Massachusetts General Hospital (1975) Case 35–1975. N Engl j Med 293: 494–499Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    Chen KTK, Kostich ND, Rosai J (1978) Peritoneal foreign body granulomas to keratin in uterine adenoacanthoma. Arch Pathol Lab Med 102: 174–177PubMedGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    Choo YC, Naylor B (1982) Multiple primary neoplasms of the ovary and uterus. Int J Gynaecol Obstet 20: 327–334PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    Corwin S, Tassy F, Malament M, Grady H (1971) Rare signet-ring variant of mucinous adenocarcinoma of the bladder. J Urol 106: 697–700PubMedGoogle Scholar
  41. 41.
    Creasman WT, Lukeman J (1972) Role of the fallopian tube in dissemination of malignant cells in corpus cancer. Cancer 20: 456–457CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    Cubilla AL, Fitzgerald PJ (1979) Classification of pancreatic cancer (nonendocrine). Mayo Clin Proc 54: 449–458PubMedGoogle Scholar
  43. 43.
    Cubilla AL, Fitzgerald PJ (1978) Pancreas Cancer. I. Duct adenocarcinoma. A clinical-pathologic study of 380 patients. Pathol Ann 1: 241–289Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    Cubilla AL, Fitzgerald PJ (1984) Tumors of the exocrine pancreas. In: Atlas of Tumor Pathology, Second Series, Fascicle 19. Washington, DC, Armed Forces Institute of PathologyGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    Cutait R, Lesser ML, Enker WE (1983) Prophylactic oophorectomy in surgery for large-bowel cancer. Dis Colon Rectum 26: 6–11PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    Cylwik B, Nowak HF, Glowinska L (1984) Malignant neoplasms of the pancreas. A study based on autopsy data from 1953 to 1982 in Bialystok, Poland. II. A survey of 195 cases. Neoplasma 31: 605–613PubMedGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    Czernobilsky B, Silverman BB, Mikuta JJ (1970) Endometrioid carcinoma of the ovary: A clinicopathologic study of 75 cases. Cancer 26: 1141–1152PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    Das Gupta T, Brasfield R (1964) Metastatic melanoma: A clinicopathological study. Cancer 17: 1323–1339Google Scholar
  49. 49.
    De Graaff J, Puyenbroek JI, VanDer Harten JJ (1984) Primary mucinous adenocarcinoma of the appendix with bilateral Krukenberg tumors of the ovary and primary adenocarcinoma of the endometrium. Gynecol Oncol 19: 358–364PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. 50.
    de la Monte S, Hutchins GM, Moore GW (1984) Endocrine organ metastases from breast carcinoma. Am J Pathol 114: 131–136PubMedGoogle Scholar
  51. 51.
    Diddle AW (1955) Krukenberg tumors: Diagnostic problem. Cancer 8: 1026–1034PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. 52.
    Didolkar MS, Bescher RA, Elias EG, Moore RH (1981) Natural history of adrenal cortical carcinoma: A clinicopathologic study of 42 patients. Cancer 47: 2153–2161PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. 53.
    Dockerty MB (1954) Primary and secondary ovarian adenoacanthoma. Surg Gynecol Obstet 99: 392–400PubMedGoogle Scholar
  54. 54.
    Doss LL, Llorens AS, Henriquez EM (1984) Carcinosarcoma of the uterus: A 40-year experience from the state of Missouri. Gynecol Oncol 18: 43–53PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. 55.
    Duarte I, Llanos 0 (1981) Patterns of metastases in intesti-nal and diffuse types of carcinoma of the stomach. Hum Pathol 12: 237–242Google Scholar
  56. 56.
    Eifel P, Hendrickson M, Ross J, Ballon S, Martinez A, Kempson R (1982) Simultaneous presentation of carcinoma involving the ovary and the uterine corpus. Cancer 50: 163–170PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. 57.
    Erlandson RA (1984) Diagnostic immunohistochemistry of human tumors. An interim evaluation. Am J Surg Pathol 8: 615–624PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. 58.
    Fawcett FJ, Kimbell NKB (1971) Phaeochromocytoma of the ovary. J Obstet Gynaecol Br Commonw 78: 458–459PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. 59.
    Fetter TR, Bogaev JH, McCuskey B, Seres JL (1959) Carcinoma of the bladder: Sites of metastases. J Urol 81: 746–748Google Scholar
  60. 60.
    Finn WF (1951) The diagnostic confusion of ovarian metastases from endometrial carcinoma with primary ovarian carcinoma. Am J Obstet Gynecol 62: 403–408PubMedGoogle Scholar
  61. 61.
    Fossâ SD, Schj¢lseth SA, Miller A (1977) Multiple urothelial tumours with metastases to uterus and left ovary. A case report. Scand J Urol Nephrol 11: 81–84Google Scholar
  62. 62.
    Fox H, Langley FA. (1976) Metastatic tumors. In: Tumours of the Ovary. Chicago, Year Book Medical Publishers, pp 300–306Google Scholar
  63. 63.
    Franssila KA (1973) Is the differentiation between papillary and follicular thyroid carcinoma valid? Cancer 32: 853–864PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. 64.
    Gadd C-B, Hellsten H, Knutson F (1960) Masculinovoblastoma (adrenal-like tumor). A rare virilizing ovarian tumor. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 39: 239–258Google Scholar
  65. 65.
    Galluzzi S, Payne PM (1955) Bronchial carcinoma: A statistical study of 741 necropsies with special reference to the distribution of blood-borne metastases. Br J Cancer 9: 511–527PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. 66.
    George TK, di Sant’Agnese PA, Bennett JM (1985) Chemotherapy for metastatic Merkel cell carcinoma. Cancer 56: 1034–1038PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. 67.
    Giuliano AE, Feig S, Eilber FR (1984) Changing metastatic patterns of osteosarcoma. Cancer 54: 2160–2164PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. 68.
    Glasauer FE, Yuan RHP (1963) Intracranial tumors with extracranial metastases. Case report and review of the literature. J Neurosurg 20: 474–493Google Scholar
  69. 69.
    Gloor E (1978) Un cas de syndrome de Peutz-Jeghers associé à un carcinome mammaire bilatéral à un adénocarcinome du col utérin et à des tumeurs des cordons sexuels à tubules annelés bilatérales dans les ovaires. Schweiz Med Wochenschr 108: 717–721PubMedGoogle Scholar
  70. 70.
    Gordon PR, Huvos AG, Strong EW (1973) Medullary carcinoma of the thyroid gland. A clinicopathologic study of 40 cases. Cancer 31: 915–923PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. 71.
    Grabstaldt H, Hilaris B, Henschke U, Whitmore WF Jr (1966) Cancer of the female urethra. JAMA 197: 113–120CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. 72.
    Graffner HOL, Alm POA, Oscarson JEA (1983) Prophylactic oophorectomy in colorectal carcinoma. Am J Surg 146: 233–235PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. 73.
    Graves RC, Guiss LW (1941) Tumors of the urethra. J Urol 46: 925–947Google Scholar
  74. 74.
    Green TH Jr, Scully RE (1962) Tumors of the fallopian tube. Clin Obstet Gynecol 5: 886–906PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. 75.
    Greene HJ, Grusetz MW, Mackles A (1969) Subsequent second primary and metastatic cancer of the ovary. Clin Obstet Gynecol 12: 972–979PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. 76.
    Gromet MA, Epstein WL, Blois MS (1978) The regressing thin malignant melanoma. A distinctive lesion with metastatic potential. Cancer 42: 2282–2292Google Scholar
  77. 77.
    Hajdu SI, Shiu MH, Fortner JG (1977) Tendosynovial sarcoma. A clinicopathological study of 136 cases. Cancer 39: 1201–1217PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. 78.
    Hale RW (1968) Krukenberg tumor of the ovaries. A review of 81 records. Obstet Gynecol 32: 221–225PubMedGoogle Scholar
  79. 79.
    Hallgrimsson J, Scully RE (1972) Borderline and malignant Brenner tumours of the ovary. A report of 15 cases. Acta Pathol Microbiol Scand [A Suppl] 233: 56–66Google Scholar
  80. 80.
    Hameed K (1973) Melanotic ovarian neoplasms. Prog Clin Cancer 5: 209–217PubMedGoogle Scholar
  81. 81.
    Harcourt KF, Dennis DL (1968) Laparotomy for “ovarian tumors” in unsuspected carcinoma of the colon. Cancer 21: 1244–1246PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. 82.
    Harris M, Howell A, Chrissohou M, Swindell RIC, Hudson M, Sellwood RA (1984) A comparison of the metastatic pattern of infiltrating lobular carcinoma and infiltrating duct carcinoma of the breast. Br J Cancer 50: 23–30PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  83. 83.
    Hart WR, Billman JK (1978) A reassessment of uterine neoplasms originally diagnosed as leiomyosarcomas. Cancer 41: 1902–1910PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  84. 84.
    Hermann GG, Fogh J, Graem N, Hansen OP, Hippe E (1984) Primary hemangiosarcoma of the spleen with angioscintigraphic demonstration of metastases. Cancer 53: 1682–1685PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. 85.
    Herrera LO, Ledesma EJ, Natarajan N, Lopez GE, Tsukada Y, Mittelman A (1982) Metachronous ovarian metastases from adenocarcinoma of the colon and rectum. Surg Gynecol Obstet 154: 531–533PubMedGoogle Scholar
  86. 86.
    Herrera-Ornelas L, Natarajan N, Tsukada Y, Prado-Alcala E, Gutierrez-Garcia CJ, Piver S, Mittelman A (1983) Adenocarcinoma of the colon masquerading as primary ovarian neoplasia. An analysis of ten cases. Dis Colon Rectum 26: 377–380Google Scholar
  87. 87.
    Higuchi K, Kato T (1958) Dysgerminoma of the ovary. J Jpn Obstet Gynecol Soc 5: 206–215Google Scholar
  88. 88.
    Himelstein-Braw R, Peters H, Faber M (1977) Influence of irradiation and chemotherapy on the ovaries of children with abdominal tumors. Br J Cancer 36: 269–275PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  89. 89.
    Hines JR, Gordon RT, Widger C, et al. (1976) Cystosarcoma phyllodes metastatic to a Brenner tumor of the ovary. Arch Surg 111: 299–300PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  90. 90.
    Hirschfield LS, Kahn LB, Winkler B, Bochner RZ, Gib-stein AA (1985) Adenocarcinoid of the appendix presenting as bilateral Krukenberg’s tumor of the ovaries. Arch Pathol Lab Med 109: 930–933PubMedGoogle Scholar
  91. 91.
    Holtz F, Hart WR (1982) Krukenberg tumors of the ovary. A clinicopathologic analysis of 27 cases. Cancer 50: 2438–2447PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  92. 92.
    Hopping RA, Dockerty MB, Masson JC (1942) Carcinoid tumor of the appendix. Report of a case in which extensive intra-abdominal metastases occurred, including involvement of the right ovary. Arch Surg 45: 613–622Google Scholar
  93. 93.
    Ibanez ML, Cole VW, Russell WO, Clark RL (1967) Solid carcinoma of the thyroid gland. Analysis of 53 cases. Cancer 20: 706–723PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  94. 94.
    Ishii T, Ikegami N, Hosoda Y, Koide O, Kaneko M (1981) The biological behaviour of gastric cancer. J Pathol 134: 97–115PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  95. 95.
    Israel SL, Helsel EV, Hausman DH (1965) The challenge of metastatic ovarian carcinoma. Am J Obstet Gynecol 93: 1094–1101PubMedGoogle Scholar
  96. 96.
    James PD, Taylor CW, Templeton AC (1973) Tumors of the female genitalia. In: Tumours in a tropical country, Templeton AC (ed). New York, Springer-VerlagGoogle Scholar
  97. 97.
    Janovski NO, Paramanandhan TL (1973) Major problems in obstetrics and gynecology. In: Ovarian tumors. Tumors and tumor-like conditions of the ovaries, fallopian tubes and ligaments of the uterus. Philadelphia, WB Saunders, Vol 4, 134–135Google Scholar
  98. 98.
    Jensen PA, Dockerty MB, Symmonds RE, Wilson RB (1966) Endometrioid sarcoma (“stromal endometriosis”). Report of 15 cases including 5 with metastases. Am J Obstet Gynecol 95: 79–90PubMedGoogle Scholar
  99. 99.
    Johansson H (1960) Clinical aspects of metastatic ovarian cancer of extragenital origin. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand 39: 681–697PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  100. 100.
    Joshi VV (1968) Primry Krukenberg tumor of ovary. Review of literature and case report. Cancer 22: 1199–1207PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  101. 101.
    Kaminski PF, Norris HJ (1984) Coexistence of ovarian neoplasms and endocervical adenocarcinoma. Obstet Gynecol 64: 553–556PubMedGoogle Scholar
  102. 102.
    Karsh J (1951) Secondary malignant disease of the ovaries. A study of 72 autopsies. Am J Obstet Gynecol 61: 154160Google Scholar
  103. 103.
    Kashani M, Levy M (1983) Primary adenocarcinoma of the appendix with bilateral Krukenberg ovarian tumors. J Surg Oncol 22: 101–105PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  104. 104.
    Kasilag FB, Jr, Rutledge FN (1957) Metastatic breast carcinoma in ovary. Am J Obstet Gynecol 74: 989–992PubMedGoogle Scholar
  105. 105.
    Kishi K, Hirota T, Matsumoto K, Kakizo ET, Murase T, Fujita J (1981) Carcinoma of the bladder: A clinical and pathological analysis of 87 autopsy cases. J Urol 125: 36–39PubMedGoogle Scholar
  106. 106.
    Klein HZ (1974) Mucinous carcinoid tumor of the vermiform appendix. Cancer 33: 770–777PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  107. 107.
    Kleinman GM, Hochberg FH, Richardson EP Jr (1981) Systemic metastases from medulloblastoma: Report of two cases and review of the literature. Cancer 48: 2296–2309Google Scholar
  108. 108.
    Knoepp LF, Ray JE, Overby I (1973) Ovarian metastases from colorectal carcinoma. Dis Colon Rectum 16: 305311Google Scholar
  109. 109.
    Kubo T, Watanabe H (1971) Neoplastic argentaffin cells in gastric and intestinal carcinomas. Cancer 27: 447–454PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  110. 110.
    Kumar NB, Hart WR (1982) Metastases to the uterine corpus from extragenital cancers. A clinicopathologic study of 63 cases. Cancer 50: 2163–2169PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  111. 111.
    Kurman RJ, Scully RE, Norris HJ (1976) Trophoblastic pseudotumor of the uterus. An exaggerated form of “syncytial endometritis” simulating a malignant tumor. Cancer 38: 1214–1226Google Scholar
  112. 112.
    Lasaponara F, Pagliano GL, Rizzello N (1983) Metastasi rivelatrici de neoplasia renale. Minerva Urol 35: 195–200PubMedGoogle Scholar
  113. 113.
    Lee YN, Hori JM (1971) Significance of ovarian metastases in therapeutic oophorectomy for advanced breast cancer. Cancer 27: 1374–1378PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  114. 114.
    Lemerle J, Tournade M-F, Gerard-Marchant R, Flamant R, Sarrazin D, Flamant F, Lemerle M, Jundt S, Zucker J-M, Schweisguth O. (1976) Wilms’ tumor: Natural history and prognostic factors. A retrospective study of 248 cases treated at the Institut Gustave-Roussy 1952–1967. Cancer 37: 2557–2566PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  115. 115.
    Line DH, Deeley TJ (1971) The necropsy findings in carcinoma of the bronchus. Br J Dis Chest 65: 238–242PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  116. 116.
    LiVolsi VA, Merino MJ, Schwartz PE (1983) Coexistent endocervical adenocarcionoma and mucinous adenocarcinoma of ovary: A clinicopathological study of four cases. Int J Gynecol Pathol 1: 391–402Google Scholar
  117. 117.
    Luisi A (1968) Metastatic ovarian tumours. In: UICC Monograph Series. Ovarian cancer, Gentil F, Junqueira AC (eds). Berlin, Heidelberg, New York, Springer-Verlag, Vol II, pp 87–104CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  118. 118.
    Lumb G, Mackenzie DH (1959) The incidence of metastases in adrenal glands and ovaries removed for carcinoma of the breast. Cancer 12: 521–526PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  119. 119.
    MacKeigan JM, Ferguson JA (1979) Prophylactic oophorectomy and colorectal cancer in premenopausal patients. Dis Colon Rectum 22: 401–405PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  120. 120.
    Malviya VK, Bansal M, Chahinian P, Deppe G, Lauresen N, Gordon RE (1982) Small cell anaplastic lung cancer presenting as an ovarian metastasis. Int J Gynaecol Obstet 20: 487–493PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  121. 121.
    Mandard AM, Chasle J, Marnay J, Villedieu B, Bianco C, Roussel A, Elie H, Vernhes JC (1981) Autopsy findings in 111 cases of esophageal cancer. Cancer 48: 329–335PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  122. 122.
    Martinelli G, Tapparelli E, Merz R, Aldovini D, Zumiani G (1984) Case of bilateral ovarian metastasis from regressed melanoma. Eur J Gynaecol Oncol 5: 150–153PubMedGoogle Scholar
  123. 123.
    Martzloff KH, Manlove CH (1949) Vaginal and ovarian metastases from hypernephroma. Case report and review of the literature. Surg Gynecol Obstet 88: 145–154Google Scholar
  124. 124.
    Masson P, Martin JF (1928) Sur la présence des cellules de Kultschitzky dans un épithelioma cylindrique de l’estomac et ses metastases. Bull Assoc Franç Etude Cancer 17: 139–145Google Scholar
  125. 125.
    Mazur MT, Hsueh S, Gersell DJ (1984) Metastases to the female genital tract. Analysis of 325 cases. Cancer 53: 1978–1984PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  126. 126.
    McKenna H, Ritchie G, Monks P (1978) Pseudomyxoma peritonei et ovarii with an occult neoplasm of appendix: Case report. Pathology 10: 157–160Google Scholar
  127. 127.
    Merino MJ, Livolsi VA (1981) Signet-ring carcinoma of the female breast: A clinicopathological analysis of 24 cases. Cancer 48: 1830–1837PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  128. 128.
    Merino MJ, Edmonds P, LiVolsi VA (1985) Appendiceal carcinoma metastatic to the ovaries and mimicking primary ovarian tumors. Int J Gynecol Pathol 4: 110–120PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  129. 129.
    Merlo M, Brown CH, Hazard JB (1960) Gastric carcinoma: Report of twelve patients surviving longer than fifteen years. Cleve Clin Q 27: 235–239Google Scholar
  130. 130.
    Meyer WH, Yu GW, Milvenan ES, Jeffs RD, Kaizer H, Leventhal BG (1979) Ovarian involvement in neuroblastoma. Med Pediatr Oncol 7: 49–54Google Scholar
  131. 131.
    Michaels L, Langley FA (1957) Mesenchymal tumours of the uterus resembling the haemangiopericytoma. J Ob-stet Gynaec Br Commonw 64: 561–565CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  132. 132.
    Mills SE, Allen MS (1979) Colorectal carcinoma in the first three decades of life. Am J Surg Pathol 3: 443–448PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  133. 133.
    Milton GW, Lane Brown MM, Gilder M (1967) Malignant melanoma with an occult primary lesion. Br J Surg 54: 651–658PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  134. 134.
    Moertel CG (1968) The natural history of advanced gastric cancer. Surg Gynecol Obstet 126: 1071–1074PubMedGoogle Scholar
  135. 135.
    Morrow CP, DiSaia PJ (1976) Malignant melanoma of the female genitalia: A clinical analysis. Obstet Gynecol Sury 31: 233–271Google Scholar
  136. 136.
    Morrow M, Enker WE (1984) Late ovarian metastases in carcinoma of the colon and rectum. Arch Surg 119: 1385–1388PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  137. 137.
    Munnell EW, Taylor HC Jr (1949) Ovarian carcinoma. A review of 200 primary and 51 secondary cases. Am J Obstet Gynecol 58: 943–959PubMedGoogle Scholar
  138. 138.
    Nader S, Hickey RC, Sellin RV, Samaan NA (1983) Adrenal cortical carcinoma. A study of 77 cases. Cancer 52: 707–711PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  139. 139.
    Nakajima T, Watanabe S, Sato Y, Kameya T, Hirota T, Shimosato Y (1982) An immunoperoxidase study of S100 protein distribution in normal and neoplastic tissues. Am J Surg Pathol 6: 715–727PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  140. 140.
    Nakajima T, Watanabe S, Sato Y, Kameya T, Shimosato Y, Ishihara K (1982) Immunohistochemical demonstration of S100 protein in malignant melanoma and pigmented nevus, and its diagnostic application. Cancer 50: 912–918PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  141. 141.
    Nakashima T, Okuda K, Kojiro M, Jimi A, Yamaguchi R, Sakamoto K, Ikari T (1983) Pathology of hepatocellular carcinoma in Japan: 232 consecutive cases autopsied in ten years. Cancer 51: 863–877PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  142. 142.
    Nelson HM, Hagerty JR (1962) Endolymphatic stromal myosis. Report of 2 cases and review of the literature. Obstet Gynecol 20: 180–188PubMedGoogle Scholar
  143. 143.
    Norris EH (1938) Arrhenoblastoma. A malignant ovarian tumor associated with endocrinological effects. Am J Cancer 32: 1–29Google Scholar
  144. 144.
    Norris HJ, Taylor HB (1966) Mesenchymal tumors of the uterus. III. A clinical and pathologic study of 31 carcinosarcomas. Cancer 19: 1459–1465PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  145. 145.
    Norris HJ, Roth E, Taylor HB (1966) Mesenchymal tumors of the uterus. II. A clinical and pathologic study of 31 mixed mesodermal tumors. Obstet Gynecol 28: 57–63PubMedGoogle Scholar
  146. 146.
    Ober WB, Edgcomb JH, Price EB Jr (1970) The pathology of choriocarcinoma. Ann NY Acad Sci 172: 299–426CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  147. 147.
    O’Brien PH, Newton BB. Metcalf JS, Rittenbury MS (1981) Oophorectomy in women with carcinoma of the colon and rectum. Surg Gynecol Obstet 153: 827–830PubMedGoogle Scholar
  148. 148.
    Ochsner A, DeBakey M (1942) Significance of metastasis in primary carcinoma of the lungs. Report of two cases with unusual site of metastasis. J Thorac Surg 11: 357–387Google Scholar
  149. 149.
    Odone V, Chang L, Caces J, George SL, Pratt CB (1982) The natural history of colorectal carcinoma in adolescents. Cancer 49: 1716–1720PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  150. 150.
    Ootman EH, Elliott JP (1983) Hepatocellular carcinoma metastatic to the ovary: A case report. Am J Obstet Gynecol 146: 715–718Google Scholar
  151. 151.
    Orr JW, Grizzle WE, Huddleston JF (1982) Squamous cell carcinoma metastatic to placenta and ovary. Obstet Gynecol 59: 81S - 83SPubMedGoogle Scholar
  152. 152.
    Osborne MP, Pitts RM (1961) Therapeutic oophorectomy for advanced breast cancer. The significance of metastases to the ovary and of ovarian cortical stromal hyperplasia. Cancer 14: 126–130Google Scholar
  153. 153.
    Park WLH, Lees JC (1950) Choriocarcinoma. A general review, with an analysis of five hundred sixteen cases. Arch Pathol 49: 205–241Google Scholar
  154. 154.
    Pasquier B, Pasquier D, N’Golet A, Panh MH, Couderc P (1980) Extraneural metastases of astrocytomas and glioblastomas. Clinicopathological study of two cases and review of the literature. Cancer 45: 112–125Google Scholar
  155. 155.
    Patel NP, Lavengood RW (1978) Renal cell carcinoma: Natural history and results of treatment. J Urol 119: 722–726Google Scholar
  156. 156.
    Paterson E (1961) Distant metastases from medulloblastoma of the cerebellum. Brain 84: 301–309PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  157. 157.
    Pitluk H, Poticha SM (1983) Carcinoma of the colon and rectum in patients less than 40 years of age. Surg Gynecol Obstet 157: 335–337PubMedGoogle Scholar
  158. 158.
    Posso MA, Berg GA, Murphy AI, Totten RS (1961) Mucinous adenocarcinoma of the urethra: Report of a case associated with urethritis glandularis. J Urol 85: 944–948Google Scholar
  159. 159.
    Prat J, Bhan AK, Dickersin GR, Robboy SJ, Scully RE (1982) Hepatoid yolk sac tumor of the ovary (endodermal sinus tumor with hepatoid differentiation). A light microscopic, ultrastructural and immunohistochemical study of seven cases. Cancer 50: 2355–2368Google Scholar
  160. 160.
    Puga FJ, Gibbs CP, Williams TJ (1973) Castrating operations associated with metastatic lesions of the breast. Ob-stet Gynecol 41: 713–719Google Scholar
  161. 161.
    Ranchod M, Kempson RL (1977) Smooth muscle tumors of the gastrointestinal tract and retroperitoneum. A pathologic analysis of 100 cases. Cancer 39: 255–262PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  162. 162.
    Rendelman DF, Gilchrist RK (1959) Indications for oophorectomy in carcinoma of the gastrointestinal tract. Surg Gynecol Obstet 109: 364–366Google Scholar
  163. 163.
    Richardson GS (1967) Case Records of the Massachusetts General Hospital Case 10–1067. N Engl J Med 276: 519–523CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  164. 164.
    Robboy SJ, Herbst AL, Scully RE (1974) Clear-cell adenocarcinoma of the vagina and cervix in young females: Analysis of 37 tumors that persisted or recurred after primary therapy. Cancer 34: 606–614PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  165. 165.
    Robboy SJ, Scully RE, Norris HJ (1974) Carcinoid metastatic to the ovary. A clinicopathologic analysis of 35 cases. Cancer 33: 798–811PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  166. 166.
    Rogers WL (1932) Primary cancer of the lung. A clinical and pathologic survey of fifty cases. Arch Intern Med 49: 1058–1077CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  167. 167.
    Rosas-Uribe A, Luna M (1969) Primary signet-ring cell carcinoma of the urinary bladder. Arch Pathol 88: 294–297PubMedGoogle Scholar
  168. 168.
    Russell P, Bannatyne PM, Solomon HJ, Stoddard LD, Tattersall MHN (1985) Multifocal tumorigenesis in the upper female genital tract-Implications for staging and management. Int J Gynecol Pathol 4: 192–210PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  169. 169.
    Saitoh H (1981) Distant metastasis of renal adenocarci noma. Cancer 48: 1487–1491PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  170. 170.
    Santesson L, Kottmeier HL (1968) General classification of ovarian tumours. In: UICC Monograph Series, Ovarian cancer, Gentil F, Junqueira AC (eds). Berlin, Heidelberg, New York, Springer-Verlag, Vol II, pp 1–8CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  171. 171.
    Saphir O (1951) Signet-ring cell carcinoma. Mil Surg 109: 360–369PubMedGoogle Scholar
  172. 172.
    Scully RE Personal observationsGoogle Scholar
  173. 173.
    Scully RE (1979) Tumors of the ovary and maldeveloped gonads. In: Atlas of Tumor Pathology, Second Series, Fascicle 16. Washington, DC, Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, pp 323–352Google Scholar
  174. 174.
    Scully RE, Richardson GS (1961) Luteinization of the stroma of metastatic cancer involving the ovary and its endocrine significance. Cancer 14: 827–840PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  175. 175.
    Scully RE, Aguirre P, DeLellis RA (1984) Argyrophilia, serotonin and peptide hormones in the female genital tract and its tumors. Int J Gynecol Pathol 3: 51–70PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  176. 176.
    Sedlis A (1961) Primary carcinoma of the fallopian tube. Obstet Gynecol Sury 16: 209–226CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  177. 177.
    Shanks HGI (1961) Pseudomyxoma peritonei. J Obstet Gynaecol Br Commonw 68: 212–224CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  178. 178.
    Shingleton HM, Middleton FF, Gore H (1974) Squamous cell carcinoma in the ovary. Am J Obstet Gynecol 120: estrogen therapy. 556–560Google Scholar
  179. 179.
    Shiu MH, Farr GH, Papachristou DN, Hajdu SI (1982) Myosarcomas of the stomach: Natural history, prognostic factors and management. Cancer 49: 177–187Google Scholar
  180. 180.
    Silva TF, Friedell GH, Parsons L (1959) Pelvic exentera tion for carcinoma of the cervix. Clinicopathological study of sixty operations. N Engl J Med 260: 519–525Google Scholar
  181. 181.
    Silveira E, Badan-Palhares FA, Antunes de Oliveira Filho J, et al (1977) Peritonitis following rupture of malignant melanoma of the ovary. Gynecol Oncol 5: 304–307CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  182. 182.
    Smale L (1980) Metastatic breast adenocarcinoma to Bren ner tumors. Gynecol Oncol 9: 251–253PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  183. 183.
    Snover D, Levine GD, Rosai J (1982) Thymic carcinoma: Five distinct histological variants. Am J Surg Pathol 6: 451–470Google Scholar
  184. 184.
    Sons HU, Borchard F (1984) Esophageal cancer. Autopsy findings in 171 cases. Arch Pathol Lab Med 108: 983–988PubMedGoogle Scholar
  185. 185.
    Spadoni LR, Lindberg MC, Mottet NK, et al (1965) Viril ization co-existing with Krukenberg tumor during pregnancy. Am J Obstet Gynecol 92: 981–991PubMedGoogle Scholar
  186. 186.
    Spratt JS (1983) What to do about ovarian metastases from colonic adenocarcinomas. Am J Surg 146: 286PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  187. 187.
    Stadiem ML (1937) An ovarian hypernephroma. Am J Surg 37: 312–318CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  188. 188.
    Stearns MW, Deddish MR (1959) Five-year results of abdominal pelvic lymph node dissection for carcinoma breast. of the rectum. Dis Colon Rectum 2: 169–172PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  189. 189.
    Stensberg AJ (1964) Ovariemetastaser fra tumorer i colon og rectum. Ugeskrift Laeger 126: 343–346Google Scholar
  190. 190.
    Stone WS (1916) Metastatic carcinoma of ovaries. Surg Gynecol Obstet 22: 407–423Google Scholar
  191. 191.
    Sty JR, Kun LE, Casper JT (1980) Bone scintigraphy in neuroblastoma with ovarian metastasis. Wis Med J 79: 28–29Google Scholar
  192. 192.
    Subbuswamy SG, Gibbs NM, Ross CF, Morson BC (1974) Goblet cell carcinoid of the appendix. Cancer 34: 338–344PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  193. 193.
    Svenes KB, Eide J (1984) Proliferative Brenner tumor or ovarian metastases? A case report. Cancer 53: 2692–2697PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  194. 194.
    Tahara E, Ito H, Nakagami K, Shimamoto F, Yamamoto M, Sumii K (1982) Scirrhous argyrohpil cell carcinoma of the stomach with multiple production of polypeptide hormones, amine, CEA, lysozyme, and HCG. Cancer 49: 1904–1915Google Scholar
  195. 195.
    Takita H, Vincent RG, Caicedo V, Gutierrez AC (1977) Squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus: A study of 153 cases. J Surg Oncol 9: 547–554PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  196. 196.
    Talerman A (1984) Carcinoid tumors of the ovary. J Cancer Res Clin Oncol 107: 125–135PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  197. 197.
    Thatcher SS, Woodruff JD (1982) Uterine stromatosis: A report of 33 cases. Obstet Gynecol 59: 428–434PubMedGoogle Scholar
  198. 198.
    Thiery M, Willighagen R (1966) Melanoma of the female genital tract. Gynaecologia 161: 466–480PubMedGoogle Scholar
  199. 199.
    Tsukada Y, Hewett WJ, Barlow JJ, Pickren JW (1972) Clear-cell adenocarcinoma (mesonephroma) of the vagina. Three cases associated with maternal synthetic nonsteroid Cancer 29: 1208–1214Google Scholar
  200. 200.
    Turksoy N (1960) Ovarian metastasis of breast carcinoma. A surgical surprise. Obstet Gynecol 15: 573–578PubMedGoogle Scholar
  201. 201.
    Ulbright TM, Roth LM (1985) Metastatic and independent cancers of the endometrium and ovary: A clinicopathologic study of 34 cases. Hum Pathol 16: 28–34PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  202. 202.
    Ulbright TM, Roth LM (1985) Secondary tumors of the ovary. In: Tumors and tumor-like conditions of the ovary. Contemporary issues in surgical pathology, Roth LM, metastatic Czernobilsky B (eds). New York, Churchill-Livingstone, No 6, pp 129–152Google Scholar
  203. 203.
    Ulbright TM, Roth LM, Stehman FB (1984) Secondary ovarian neoplasia. A clinicopathologic study of 35 cases. Cancer 53: 1164–1174PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  204. 204.
    Uribe-Botero G, Russell WO, Sutow WW, Martin RG (1977) Primary osteosarcoma of bone. A clinicopathologic investigation of 243 cases, with necropsy studies in 54. Am J Clin Pathol 67: 427–435PubMedGoogle Scholar
  205. 205.
    van Duinen SG, Ruiter DJ, Hageman P, Vennegoor C, Dickersin GR, Scheffer E, Rumke P (1984) Immunohisto- chemical and histochemical tools in the diagnosis of amela-notic melanoma. Cancer 53: 1566–1573PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  206. 206.
    Varela-Duran J, Nochomovitz LE, Prem KA, Dehner LP (1980) Postirradiation mixed müllerian tumors of the uterus. A comparative clinicopathologic study. Cancer45: 1625–1631Google Scholar
  207. 207.
    Viadana E, Bross IDJ, Pickren JW (1973) An autopsy study of some routes of dissemination of cancer of the Br J Cancer 27: 336–340Google Scholar
  208. 208.
    Vorder-Bruegge CG, Hobbs JE, Wegner CR, Wintemute RW (1957) Bilateral ovarian metastases from renal adeno-carcinoma: Report of a case and discussion of pathogenesis. Obstet Gynecol 9: 198–205Google Scholar
  209. 209.
    Warkel RL, Cooper PH, Helwig EB (1978) Adenocarci-noid, a mucin-producing carcinoid tumor of the appendix. A study of 39 cases. Cancer 42: 2781–2793PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  210. 210.
    Warren S, Gates 0 (1964) Lung cancer and metastasis. Arch Pathol 78: 467–473Google Scholar
  211. 211.
    Warren S, Macomber WB (1935) Tumor metastasis. VI. Ovarian metastasis of carcinoma. Arch Pathol 19: 75–82Google Scholar
  212. 212.
    Webb MJ, Decker DG, Mussey E (1975) Cancer metastatic to the ovary. Factors influencing survival. Obstet Gynecol 45: 391–396Google Scholar
  213. 213.
    Wei P-Y, Ouyang P-C (1963) Trophoblastic disease in Taiwan. A review of 157 cases in a 10-year period. Am J Obstet Gynecol 85: 844–849PubMedGoogle Scholar
  214. 214.
    Weiss SW, Enzinger FM (1978) Malignant fibrous histiocytoma. An analysis of 200 cases. Cancer 41: 2250–2266PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  215. 215.
    Weitberg AB, Weitzman SA (1983) Metastatic islet cell carcinoma: A potentially treatable cause of “carcinoma of unknown origin.” CA 33: 167PubMedGoogle Scholar
  216. 216.
    Wheelock MC, Putong P (1959) Ovarian metastases from adenocarcinomas of colon and rectum. Obstet Gynecol 14: 291–295PubMedGoogle Scholar
  217. 217.
    Wick M, Scheithauer BW, Weiland LH, Bernatz PE (1982) Primary thymic carcinomas. Am J Surg Pathol 6: 613–630PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  218. 218.
    Woodruff JD, Julian CG (1969) Multiple malignancy in the upper genital canal. Am J Obstet Gynecol 103: 810822Google Scholar
  219. 219.
    Woodruff JD, Novak ER (1960) The Krukenberg tumor. Study of 48 cases from the Ovarian Tumor Registry. Obstet Gynecol 15: 351–360PubMedGoogle Scholar
  220. 220.
    Woodruff JD, Murthy YS, Bhaskar TN, Bordbar F, Tseng S-S (1970) Metastatic ovarian tumors. Am J Obstet Gynecol 107: 202–209PubMedGoogle Scholar
  221. 221.
    Yoonessi M, Hart WR (1977) Endometrial stromal sarcomas. Cancer 40: 898–906PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  222. 222.
    Yoshida A, Shigematsu T, Mori H, Yoshida H, Fukunishi R (1981) Non-invasive thymoma with widespread blood-borne metastasis. Virchows Arch [Pathol Anat] 390: 121–126CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  223. 223.
    Young RH, Scully RE (1987) Mutinous ovarian tumors associated with mucinous adenocarcinomas of the cervix. A clinicopathological analysis of 16 cases. Submitted for publication.Google Scholar
  224. 224.
    Young RH, Scully RE (1985) Ovarian metastases from cancer of the lung: Problems in interpretation. A report of seven cases. Gynecol Oncol 21: 337–350Google Scholar
  225. 225.
    Young RH, Scully RE (1985) Ovarian Sertoli-Leydig cell tumors. A clinicopathological analysis of 207 cases. Am J Surg Pathol 9: 543–569PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  226. 226.
    Young RH, Carey RW, Robboy SJ (1981) Breast carcinoma masquerading as a primary ovarian neoplasm. Cancer 48: 210–212PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  227. 227.
    Young RH, Prat J, Scully RE (1984) Endometrioid stromal sarcomas of the ovary. A clinicopathologic analysis of 23 cases. Cancer 53: 1143–1155PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  228. 228.
    Zaino RJ, Unger ER, Whitney C (1984; 1985 ) Synchronous carcinomas of the uterine corpus and ovary. Gynecol Oncol 19: 329–335; 21: 337–350CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert H. Young
  • Robert E. Scully

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations