Advertisement

Sociology and Ecology of Larger Fungi in the Subarctic and Oroarctic Zones in Northwest Finnish Lapland

  • Katriina Metsänheimo
Part of the Environmental Science Research book series (ESRH, volume 34)

Abstract

The ecology, sociology and fruiting body production of larger fungi was studied at Kilpisjärvi in northwestern Finnish Lapland (69°05′N lat. 22°15′E long.) from 1976–83. The investigated habitats were subarctic (orohemiarctic) birch (Betula pubescens subsp. tortuosa) forests and low oroarctic heaths and snow beds just above the tree line and in the middle oroarctic zone. The middle oroarctic habitats were only observed from 1980–83. There were 17 permanent study plots of 100 m2 in birch forests and 12 in the oroarctic zone. Information is also given on the vegetation and soil conditions of the plots.

The identified genera in the habitats studied are presented. The total number of taxa identified in all the study plots was 219 (206 in birch forests and 58 in oroarctic habitats). The number of agaric genera was 46 (46 and 21 respectively). The greatest number of identified taxa (148) was found in herb–rich forests and the smallest (9) in middle oroarctic heath. The number of identified species will increase along with the progress of the determination work.

In the birch forests the most productive genera were Leccinum, Cortinarius subgenus Myxacium, Lacta ri us and Russula. In the low oroarctic heaths the most productive genera were Leccinum, Cortinarius subgenus Myxacium and Rozites, and in snow beds Entoloma and Amanita.

Key words

birch forest oroarctic heath snow bed larger fungi fruiting body production Boletaceae Cortinariaceae Russulaceae 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Ainsworth, G. C., Sparrow, F. K., and Sussman, A. S., eds., 1965–73, “The fungi, an advanced treatise,” I-IVB, I(1965), 748 p., II (1966), 805 p., III(1968), 758 p., IVA(1973), 640 p., IVB(1973), 504 p., New York.Google Scholar
  2. Gulden, G., 1982, Soppsosiologi, en ny mykologisk forskningsretning i Norge. (Mycosociology, a new branch of mycology in Norway), Blyttia, 40:95–99.Google Scholar
  3. Gulden, G., and Lange, M., 1971, Studies in the macromycete flora of Jotunheimen, the central mountain massif of South Norway, Norw. J. Bot., 18: 1–46.Google Scholar
  4. Hämet-Ahti, L., 1963, Zonation of the mountain birch forests in northernmost Fennoscandia, Ann. Bot. Sco. “Vanamo”, 34(4): 1–127.Google Scholar
  5. Heikkilä, H., 1982, Boletes from northern Finland (Lapland), in: “Arctic and Alpine Mycology. The First International Symposium on Arcto-Alpine Mycology,” G. A. Laursen and J. F. Ammirati, eds., Barrow, Alaska, 16–23 August 1980, 316–333.Google Scholar
  6. Kallio, P., 1960, Utsjoen sientistä, Luonnon Tutkija, 64: 38–45.Google Scholar
  7. Kallio, P., 1982, Aspects of northern Finnish Macromycology, in: “Arctic and Alpine Mycology. The First International Symposium on Arcto-Alpine Mycology,” G. A. Laursen and J. F. Ammirati, eds., Barrow, Alaska, 16–23 August 1980, 410–431.Google Scholar
  8. Lange, M., 1946, Mykologiske indtryk fra Lapland, Friesia, 3: 161–170.Google Scholar
  9. Kallio, P., 1957, Macromycetes III. 1. Greenland Agaricales. 2. Ecological and plant geographical studies, Medd. GrØnl., 1948(2): 1–125.Google Scholar
  10. Kallio, P., and Skifte, O., 1967, . Notes on the Macromycetes of northern Norway, Acta Borealia, A 23: 1–51.Google Scholar
  11. Metsänheimo, K., 1981, Kilpisjärven suursienistä ja syyssienisadosta. (Summary: Larger fungi and their autumn yields at Kilpisjärvi, Finnish Lapland.), Kilpisjärvi Notes, 5: 1–8.Google Scholar
  12. Moser, M., 1982, Mycoflora of the transitional zone from subalpine forests to alpine tundra, In: “Arctic and Alpine Mycology. The First International Symposium on Arcto-Alpine Mycology,” G. A. Laursen and J. F. Ammirati, eds., Barrow, Alaska, 16–23 August 1980, 371–389.Google Scholar
  13. Moser, M., 1983, Die Röhrlinge und Blätterpilze, in: “Gams, H. Kleine Kryptogamenflora IIb,” 2533 p. Fischer, Stuttgart.Google Scholar
  14. Ohenoja, E., 1971, The larger fungi of Svalbard and their ecology, Rep. Kevo Subarctic Res. Stat.,8: 122–147.Google Scholar
  15. Ohenoja, E., 1980, Sienisatotutkimus vv. 1976–78, EKT-sarja, 548: 1–42. Helsingin yliopisto.Google Scholar
  16. Ohenoja, E., and Metsänheimo, K., 1982, Phenology and fruiting body production of macrofungi in subarctic Finnish Lapland, in: “Arctic and Alpine Mycology. The First International Symposium on Arcto-Alpine Mycology,” G. A. Laursen and J. F. Ammirati, eds., Barrow, Alaska, 16–23 August 1980, 390–409.Google Scholar
  17. Petersen, P. M., 1977, Investigations on the ecology and phenology of the macromycetes in the Arctic, Medd. GrØnl., 199(5): 1–72.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Katriina Metsänheimo
    • 1
  1. 1.Botanical MuseumUniversity of OuluOuluFinland

Personalised recommendations