Advertisement

Analysis of the Seasonal and Geographical Patterns of Atmospheric CO2 Distributions with a Three-Dimensional Tracer Model

  • Inez Y. Fung

Abstract

A great amount of information on the sources and sinks of atmospheric CO2 is contained in the geographical, seasonal, and interannual variations of the global atmospheric CO2 distribution. The measured concentrations of CO2 at several locations illustrate large variations in the amplitude and phase of the seasonal cycle superimposed on an increasing long-term trend (see e.g., Gammon, this volume; Keeling 1983). Recent analysis of CO2 records by Keeling and his collaborators (1983) reveals that the amplitude of seasonal cycle has detectable interannual variations and may be increasing with time.

Keywords

Tracer Model Terrestrial Biota Seasonal Oscillation Total Carbon Concentration Seasonal Exchange 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Alexander, R. C. and R. L. Mobley. 1974. Monthly average sea surface temperature and ice-pack limits on a 1° global grid. Report 4–1310-ARPA. Rand Corporation, Santa Monica, California.Google Scholar
  2. Azevedo, A. E. 1982. Atmospheric distribution of CO, and its exchange with the biosphere and the oceans. Ph.D. Thesis. Columbia University, New York, New York.Google Scholar
  3. Bazilevich, N. I., L. E. Rodin, and N. N. Rozov. 1971. Geographical aspects of biological productivity. Soy. Geogr. Rev. Transi. 12: 293–371.Google Scholar
  4. Bolin, B. and C. D. Keeling. 1963. Large-scale atmospheric mixing as deduced from the seasonal and meridional variations of carbon dioxide. J. Geoph. Res. 68: 3899–3920.Google Scholar
  5. Broecker, H. C., J. Peterman, and W. Siems. 1978. The influence of wind on CO2-exchange in a wind-wave tunnel, including the effects of monolayers. J. Mar. Res. 36: 595–610.Google Scholar
  6. Broecker, H. C. and W. Siems. 1984. The role of bubbles for gas transfer from water to air at high wind speeds. Experiments in the wind-wave facility in Hamburg. In W. Brutsaert and G. H. Jirka (eds.), Gas Transfer at Water Surfaces, pp. 229–236. D. Reidel, Dordrecht, Netherlands.Google Scholar
  7. Deacon, E. L. 1977. Gas transfer to and across an air-water interface. Tellus 19: 363–374.Google Scholar
  8. Fung, I., K. Prentice, E. Matthews, J. Lerner, and G. Russell. 1983. Three-dimensional tracer model study of atmospheric CO,: response to seasonal exchanges with the terrestrial biosphere. J. Geophys. Res. 88: 1281–1294.Google Scholar
  9. Hansen, J., G. Russell, D. Rind, P. Stone, A. Lacis, S. Lebedeff, R. Ruedy, and L. Travis. 1983. Efficient three-dimensional global models for climate studies: model I and II. Mon. Weather Rev. 111: 609–662.Google Scholar
  10. Keeling, C. D. 1983. The global carbon cycle: what we know and could know from atmospheric, biospheric, and oceanic observations. In Proceedings: Carbon Dioxide Research Conference; Carbon Dioxide, Science, and Consensus, Sept. 19–23, 1982, Berkeley Springs, West Virginia. U.S. Department of Energy CONF-820970.Google Scholar
  11. Kerman, B. R. 1984. A model of interfacial gas transfer for a well-roughened sea. J. Geophys. Res. 89: 1439–1446.Google Scholar
  12. Ledwell, J. R. 1984. The variation of the gas transfer coefficient with molecular diffusivity. In W. Brutsawert and G. H. Jirka (eds.), Gas Transfer at Water Surfaces, pp. 293–302. D. Reidel, Dordrecht, Netherlands.Google Scholar
  13. Lieth, H. 1973. Primary production: terrestrial ecosystems. Human Ecology 1: 303332.Google Scholar
  14. Machta, L. 1972. Mauna Loa and global trends in air quality. Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. 53: 402–420.Google Scholar
  15. Matthews, E. 1983. Global vegetation and land use: new high-resolution data bases for climate studies. J. Appl. Meteorol. 22: 474–487.Google Scholar
  16. Mook, W. G., M. Koopmans, A. F. Carter, and C. D. Keeling. 1984. Seasonal, latitudinal, and secular variations in the abundance and isotopic ratios of atmospheric carbon dioxide. 1. Results from land stations. J. Geophys. Res. 88: 10915–10933.Google Scholar
  17. Oeschger, H., U. Siegenthaler, U. Schotterer, and A. Gugelmann. 1975. A box diffusion model to study the carbon dioxide exchange in nature. Tellus 27: 168192.Google Scholar
  18. Pearman, G. I. and P. Hyson. 1980. Activities of the global biosphere as reflected in atmospheric CO, records. J. Geophys. Res. 85: 4457–4467.Google Scholar
  19. Peng, T.-H., W. S. Broecker, G. G. Mathieu, and Y. H. Li. 1979. Radon evasion rates in the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans as determined during GEOSECS program. J. Geophys. Res. 84: 2471–2486.Google Scholar
  20. Rasmusson, E. and T. Carpenter. 1982. Variations in tropical sea surface temperature and surface wind fields associated with the Southern Oscillation/EINino. Mon. Weather Rev. 110: 354–384.Google Scholar
  21. Takahashi, T. 1976. Carbonate chemistry of the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian Oceans: the results of the GEOSECS expedition 1972–1978. Lamont-Doherty Geological Observatory Technical Report No. 1, CV1–80.Google Scholar
  22. Takahashi, T., D. Chipman, and T. Volk. 1982. Geographical, seasonal, and secular variations of the partial pressure of CO, on surface waters of the North Atlantic Ocean: the results of the North Atlantic TTO Program. In Proceedings, CarbonGoogle Scholar
  23. Dioxide Research Conference: Carbon Dioxide, Science, and Consensus, Sept. 19–23, 1983, Berkeley Springs, West Virginia. U.S. Department of Energy CONF-820970.Google Scholar
  24. Weiss, R. H. 1983. Paper presented at the XVIII General Assembly of the International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics, Hamburg, Germany, August 18, 1983.Google Scholar
  25. Weiss, R. F., R. A. Jahnke, and C. D. Keeling. 1982. Seasonal effects of temperature and salinity on the partial pressure of CO, in seawater. Nature 300: 511513.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Inez Y. Fung

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations