Renal Regulation of Extracellular Volume and Osmolality

  • Esmail Koushanpour
  • Wilhelm Kriz


Although each complex mammalian physiological system is developed to do a specific task, several of them are organized to perform one or more integrated functions. Of these functions, none is more essential to a normal life than that of stabilizing and maintaining a constant internal environment despite a wide variety of disturbances. Failure to achieve this stability or homeostasis,resulting from a breakdown in the various regulatory processes involved, poses a definite threat to life.


Plasma Osmolality Left Atrial Pressure Renin Release Zona Glomerulosa Renin Secretion 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Esmail Koushanpour
    • 1
  • Wilhelm Kriz
    • 2
  1. 1.Northwestern University Medical SchoolChicagoUSA
  2. 2.University of HeidelbergHeidelbergFederal Republic of Germany

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