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Abstract

Cadmium is a soft, ductile, silver-white, electropositive metal, with an atomic weight of 112.40, specific gravity of 8.642, and melting point of 320.9°C. It has eight stable isotopes in nature: 106Cd, 1.22%; 108Cd, 0.88%; 110Cd, 12.39%; 111Cd, 12.75%; 112Cd, 24.07%; 113Cd, 12.26%; 114Cd, 28.86%; and 116Cd, 7.58%. Like Zn and Hg, Cd is a transition metal in Group IIb of the periodic table. Cadmium and Zn, however, differ from Hg in that the latter forms particularly strong Hg-C bonds. Like Zn, Cd is almost always divalent in all stable compounds, and its ion is colorless. Its most common compound is CdS. It forms hydroxides and complex ions with ammonia and cyanide—e.g., Cd(NH3)6 4− and Cd(CN)4 2−. It also forms a variety of complex organic amines, sulfur complexes, and chelates. Cadmium ions form insoluble white compounds, usually hydrated, with carbonates, arsenates, phosphates, oxalates, and ferrocyanides.

Keywords

Sewage Sludge Swiss Chard Unpolished Rice National Research Council Canada Concentrate Superphosphate 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. C. Adriano
    • 1
  1. 1.Biogeochemical Ecology Division, Savannah River Ecology LaboratoryUniversity of Georgia Institute of EcologyAikenUSA

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