• Sydney Heyman
  • James A. Katowitz


An adequate flow of tears is important for the normal function of the eye. The tears serve several purposes, such as providing an optically uniform field, a lubricating and antibacterial function, as well as nourishing the cornea. The lacrimal gland, accessory lacrimal gland tissue, and secretions of the meibomian and mucous glands of the conjunctiva contribute to the formation of tears.


Chloral Hydrate Lacrimal Gland Nasolacrimal Duct Common Canaliculus Pediatric Nuclear Medicine 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Brizel HE, Sheils WC, Brown M. The effects of radiation therapy on the nasolacrimal system as evaluated by dacryoscintigraphy. Radiology 1972; 16: 373.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Brown M, El Gammal TAM, Lukenberg MN, 13. Eabig C. The value, limitations, and applications of nuclear dacryocystography. Semin Nucl Med 1981; XI: 250.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Chavis RM, Welham RAN, Maisey MN. Quantitative lacrimal scintillography. Arch Ophthalmal 1978; 96: 2066.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Heyman S, Katowitz JA, Smoger B. Dacryoscintigraphy in children. (in press).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Hurwitz JJ, Maisey MN, Welham RAN. Quanti- 16. tative lacrimal scintillography. I. Method and physiological application. 1975; Br J Ophthalmol 59:308.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Hurwitz JJ, Maisey MN, Welham RAN. Quantitative lacrimal scintillography. II. Lacrimal pathology. Br J Ophthalmol 1975; 59: 313.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Jones LT. Anatomy of the tear system. Int Ophthalmol Clin. 1973; 13: 3.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Jones LT, Wobig JL. Newer concepts of tear duct and eyelid anatomy and treatment. Trans Am Acad Ophthalmol Otolaryngol 1977; 82: 603.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Mahindra S, Dalgit R, Jamwal N, Mathew M. Lateral nasal proboscis. J Laryngol Otol 1973; 87: 177.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Malik SRK, Gupta AK, Chaterjee S, Bhardwaj OP, Saha M. Dacryoscystography of normal and pathological lacrimal passages. Br J Ophthalmol 1969; 53: 174.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Pico G. Congenital anomalies of the lacrimal system. In: Veirs ER, (ed.) The lacrimal system: Proceedings of the First International Symposium. 1970; 3–9. St. Louis: CV Mosby.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Putterman A: Treatment of epiphora with absent lacrimal puncta. Arch Opthalmol 1973; 89: 125.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Robertson JS, Brown ML, Coloard DM. Radiation absorbed dose to the lens in dacryoscintigraphy with 99mTcO4. Radiology 1979; 133: 747.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Rossomondo RM, Carlton WH, Trueblood JH, Thoma PR. A new method of evaluating lacrimal drainage. Arch Ophthalmol 1972; 88: 523.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Veirs ER. Disorders of the nasolacrimal apparatus in infants and children. J Pediatr Ophthalmol 1966; 3: 32.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Whitaker LA, Katowitz JA. Facial anomalies involving the nasolacrimal apparatus. In: Tessier P et al. (eds.) Symposium on plastic surgery in the orbital region. 1976; 159–66. St. Louis: CV Mosby.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sydney Heyman
  • James A. Katowitz

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations