Advertisement

Migration and Mental Health: A Matrix of Variables

  • Philip Horsman Rack

Abstract

Migration and Mental Health has been of interest to Transcultural psychiatrists for years, and there are at least two good reasons for this. One one hand, migration provides an opportunity to study some effects of massive environmental changes on individuals and groups and observe adaptation processes. We know that the adaptability of an organism to environmental changes is one of the prerequisites of success in biological terms, and we can probably translate this axiom into sociological terms. At present, our species as a whole faces greater adaptility challenges than ever before: the migrant, able to move from one social environment to a profoundly different one while retaining his identity and sanity, is a person well worth of study. Secondly, there are immediate practical considerations. In every major city in the world there are communities of people who have arrived there from elsewhere, often from different cultures. If such people are likely to develop mental illness with greater or lesser frequency than the rest of the population, or their illnesses differ in form and content, then those who practise psychiatry in such cities need to know about those differences.

Keywords

Mental Illness Migrant Worker Holocaust Survivor Cultural Psychiatry Rural Periphery 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Bagley, C.(1968), Migration, Race and Mental Health: A Review of some recent Literature, Race IX: 343.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Castles, S. & Kusack G. (1973), Immigrant Workers and Class Structure in Western Europe. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  3. Cochrane, R.(1977), Mental Illness in Immigrants to England and Wales: Analysis of Mental Hosp. Admissions 1971. Social Psychiatry 12:25.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Davidson, S.(1979a), Long-Term Psychosocial Sequelae in Holocaust Survivors and their Families. Israel-Netherlands Symposium on the Impact of Persecution, Jerusalem 1977, Rikswijk, Netherlands: Ministry of Cultural Affairs.Google Scholar
  5. Davidson, S.(1980a) The Clinical Effects of Massive Psychiatric Trauma in Families of Holocaust Survivors. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy. 6: 11–21.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Eitinger, L. (1981) Foreigners in our Time: Historical Survey on Psychiatry’s Approach to Migration and Refugee Status. In Eitinger L. and Schwarz D.(eds) Strangers in the World. Bern:Hans Huber.Google Scholar
  7. Kleinmann, A.M.(1977) Depression, Somatisation, and the new Cross-Cultural Psychiatry. Social Science and Medicine. 11. 3–10.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Lipsedge, M. & Littlewood, R.(1979), Recent Advances in Transcultural Psychiatry. In Granvilie-Grossman (ed) Recent Advances in Clinical Psychiatry: III. London: Churchill Livingstone.Google Scholar
  9. Murphy, H.B.M.(1973), Migration and Major Mental Disorders: A Reappraisal. In C.A. Zwingman and M. Pfister-Ammende (eds) Uprooting and After. New York: Springer Verlag.Google Scholar
  10. Murphy, H.B.M.(1977). Migration, Culture and Mental Health. Psychological Medicine 7: 677–84.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Murphy, H.B.M.(1982). Comparative Psychiatry: The International and Intercultural Distribution of Mental Illness. New York:Springer Verlag.Google Scholar
  12. Ødegaard, O.(1932). Emigration and Insanity. Copenhagen Supplement No.4 to Acta Psychiatrica Neurologica.Google Scholar
  13. Ødegaard, O.(1936). Emigration and Mental Health. Mental Hygiene 20: 646–53. Reprinted in C.Zwingman & M.Pfister-Ammende (eds) Uprooting and After. New York: Springer Verlag.Google Scholar
  14. Power, J. in collaboration with A. Hardman (1976). Western Europe’s Migrant Workers. Minority Rights Group Report No. 28.London:MRGGoogle Scholar
  15. Rack, P.H.(1982a). Migration and Mental Illness: A Review of Recent Research in Britain. Transcult. Psychiat.Res.Rev. xix(3):151–72.Google Scholar
  16. Rack, P.H.(1982b). Race, Culture and Mental Disorder. London/New York: Tavistock.Google Scholar
  17. Sanua, V.D.(1969). Immigration, Migration and Mental Illness: A Review of Literature with Special Emphasis on Schizophrenia. In E.B. Brady (ed). Behaviour in New Environments. Beverley Hills:Sage Publications.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • Philip Horsman Rack
    • 1
  1. 1.Lynfield Mount HospitalW. YorkshireEngland

Personalised recommendations