Quadratic Gauss Sums
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The method by which we proved the quadratic reciprocity in Chapter 5 is ingenious but is not easy to use in more general situations. We shall give a new proof in this chapter that is based on methods that can be used to prove higher reciprocity laws. In particular, we shall introduce the notion of a Gauss sum, which will play an important role in the latter part of this book.
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