The Development of Control over Affective Expression in Nonverbal Behavior

  • William A. Shennum
  • Daphne B. Bugental


As adults in a Western culture, most of us have come to learn to control the extent to which, and the ways in which, we nonverbally display our emotions and attitudes. We may hide our feelings of disgust. Our anger may be partially concealed with a fixed smile. There are even situations in which we may wish to conceal our positive attitudes; for instance, in a bargaining exchange.


Negative Affect Facial Expression Positive Affect Developmental Trend Expressive Behavior 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • William A. Shennum
  • Daphne B. Bugental

There are no affiliations available

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