Spontaneous and Symbolic Nonverbal Behavior and the Ontogeny of Communication



Historically, one of the central issues in the study of nonverbal communication has involved the question of whether nonverbal behavior should be regarded as innate or as learned and culturally patterned. Most now recognize that nonverbal behavior involves both innate and learned aspects, with the individual essentially learning how to use a system of communication that has deep evolutionary roots: it is simultaneously a biological phenomenon involving the expression of emotion, and a learned phenomenon analogous to, and interacting with, language.


Facial Expression Left Hemisphere Emotional Expression Nonverbal Behavior Nonverbal Communication 
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