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Peripheral Components of Motor Control

  • Ronald Dubner
  • Barry J. Sessle
  • Arthur T. Storey

Abstract

Movements in the facial and oral-pharyngeal area are carried out by a variety of skeletal muscles with a variety of functional roles that include mastication, speech, swallowing, sucking and suckling, facial expression, gagging, vomiting, coughing, sneezing, snoring, airway maintenance, and jaw posture. The muscles used for this multiplicity of motility patterns range from the bulky jaw muscles (masseter and temporalis) to the delicate muscles associated with motility of the palate (tensor palati) and eardrums (tensor tympani, stapedius).* The cranial nerve motor nuclei associated with the V, VII, IX, X, XI, and XII nerves (Fig. A3, Appendix) in particular contain the motorneurons innervating these muscles, and the variety of sensory inputs to, and the complex interplay between, these motorneurons underlie the various motility patterns.

Keywords

Motor Unit Muscle Spindle Muscle Afferents Lingual Nerve Single Motor Unit 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1978

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ronald Dubner
    • 1
  • Barry J. Sessle
    • 2
  • Arthur T. Storey
    • 3
  1. 1.Neurobiology and Anesthesiology BranchNational Institute of Dental Research National Institutes of HealthBethesdaUSA
  2. 2.Division of Biological Sciences Faculty of DentistryUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada
  3. 3.Department of Preventive Dental Science Faculty of DentistryUniversity of ManitobaWinnipegCanada

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