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The Role of Wild Pigs in the Epidemiology of African Swine Fever

  • C. J. Maré

Abstract

The disease African swine fever is briefly described with emphasis on the evolution of the disease. The role of wild pigs, especially the warthog (Phacocoerus aethiopicus) in the maintenance of the disease in nature is explored and the importance of ticks of the genus Ornithodoros in the natural cycle of the virus is emphasized. The fact that the virus can be maintained in a tick population without the intervention of vertebrate hosts leads the author to propose that the African swine fever virus may in fact be an arthropod virus which only accidentally infects wild and domestic pigs.

Keywords

African Swine Fever African Swine Fever Virus Infected Tick Tick Population Swine Industry 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Zusammenfassung

Die Afrikanische Schweinepest mit besonderer Betonung des Krankheitsverlaufes wird kurz beschrieben. Die Rolle von Wild schweinen, insbesondere des Warzenschweines (Phacocoerus aethiopicus) im Fortbestand der Krankheit unter natuerlichen Bedingungen wird untersucht, die Bedeutung von Zecken der Gattung Ornithodoros fuer den natuerlichen Zyklus des Virus wird hervorgehoben. Da das Virus in Zecken ohne Wirbeltierzwischenwirt erhalten werden kann, ist der Autor der Ansicht, dass der Afrikanische Schweinepesterreger ein Arthropodenvirus sei, das nur gelegentlich Wild- und Hausschweine in fiziert.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1976

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. J. Maré
    • 1
  1. 1.College of Veterinary MedicineIowa State UniversityAmesUSA

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