Current Status Caliciviruses Isolated from Marine Mammals and Their Relationship to Caliciviruses of Terrestrial Animals

  • S. H. Madin
  • A. W. Smith
  • T. G. Akers


The current status of the Caliciviruses of marine mammals represented by San Miguel sea lion virus (SMSV) is compared to the Caliciviruses of terrestrial mammals represented by vesicular exanthema of swine virus (VESV). A review of the known distribution of SMSV antibodies in pinnipeds, cetaceans and terrestrial mammals is presented as an example of the importance of marine mammals as a reservoir of viruses for terrestrial mammals.


Marine Mammal Mouth Disease Terrestrial Mammal Buoyant Density Terrestrial Animal 
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Der augenblickliche Stand des Wissens über der Caliciviren ozeanischer Säugetiere (Vertreten durch des San Miguel Seelöwen Virus, (SMSV), wird verglichen mit dem Wissen über Caliciviren der Landsäugtiere (vertreten durch das Vesiculäre Exanthem der Schwein virus (VESV). Es wird ein Uberblick gegeben, über die Verbreitung von Antikörpern gegen SMSV beiden Pennepidiae, Cetaceae und Landsäugetieren. Dadurch wird die Bedeutung der viren von ozeanischen Säugetieren als ein Reservoir für Landsäugetiere angedeutet.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1976

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. H. Madin
    • 1
  • A. W. Smith
    • 1
  • T. G. Akers
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Public HealthUniversity of CaliforniaBerkeleyUSA

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