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Algonquian

  • Karl V. Teeter

Abstract

From as early as the fifteenth century, the explorers of the Atlantic coast of North America mostly received their first impressions of New World natives from speakers of different languages of the same family, Algonquian. At the time of the first foreign settlements, Algonquian languages were spoken from Labrador to as far south as the Carolinas along the Atlantic coast, and extended inland in present Canada and the northern United States as far west as the Great Plains. This gives the family one of the widest distributions of any group of indigenous languages, a geographical spread emphasized by the confirmation of Edward Sapir’s bold hypothesis, published in 1913, that Wiyot and Yurok, languages found on the Pacific coast in northern California, bear a genetic relationship to Algonquian.1

Keywords

National Museum Indigenous Language Indian Language Consonant Cluster Modern Language 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Selected Annotated Bibliography

General and Comparative

  1. Bloomfield, Leonard. 1946. Algonquian. Linguistic structures of native America, ed. by Harry Hoijer et al., pp. 85–129 (= VFPA 6). The fundamental work in the field of Algonquian, with an extensive bibliography.Google Scholar
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Abnaki (Eastern)

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Abnaki (Western)

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Arapaho-Atsina-Nawathinehena

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Blackfoot

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Carolina Algonquian

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Cheyenne

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Connecticut-Unquachog

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Cree

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Delaware

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Fox-Sauk

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Illinois-Peoria-Miami

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Kickapoo

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Loup

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Mahican

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Malecite-Passamaquoddy

  1. Barratt, Joseph. 1851. The Indian of New England. Middletown, Conn. Chamberlain, Montague.Google Scholar
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Massachusett

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Menomini

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  2. Bloomfield, Leonard. 1962. The Menomini language. New Haven and London. The best grammar of an Algonquian language.Google Scholar

Micmac

  1. Pacifique, Révérend Père. 1939. Leçons grammaticales théoriques et pratiques de la langue Micmaque. Sainte-Anne de Ristigouche, P.Q.Google Scholar
  2. Rand, Silas T. 1888. Dictionary of the language of the Micmac Indians. Halifax. English-Micmac.Google Scholar
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Mohegan-Pequot-Montauk

  1. Gardiner, John Lyon. 1824. A vocabulary of the Indian language spoken by the Montauk Tribe. In Silas Wood, Sketch of Long Island (Brooklyn, 1924), p. 28, footnote. Not satisfactorily published.Google Scholar
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Montagnais-Naskapi

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Nanticoke-Conoy

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Narragansett

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Ojibwa-Algonquin-Ottawa

  1. Baraga, Frederic. 1850. A theoretical and practical grammar of the Otchipwe language. Detroit.Google Scholar
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  3. Bloomfield, Leonard. 1957. Eastern Ojibwa. Ann Arbor. Complements but does not replace Baraga.Google Scholar
  4. Cuoq, Jean André. 1886. Lexique de la langue Algonquine. Montréal. Algonquin-French.Google Scholar
  5. Cuoq, Jean André. 1891, 1892. Grammaire de la langue Algonquine. Proceedings and Transactions of the Royal Society of Canada 9 (Section I), 85–114; 10 (Section I), 41–119. The culmination of nearly three centuries of work on Algonquian languages by French and French-Canadian missionaries, this grammar, though rarely cited, laid the foundations for the subsequent development of the field.Google Scholar
  6. Jones, William. 1917, 1919. Ojibwa Texts. PAES 7 (Part 1, Leyden; Part II, New York ).Google Scholar
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Potawatomi

  1. Hockett, Charles F. 1939. Potawatomi syntax. Lg 15. 235–248.Google Scholar
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Powhatan

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Shawnee

  1. Voegelin, C. F. 1935. Shawnee phonemes. Lg 11. 23–37.Google Scholar
  2. Voegelin, C. F. 1936. Productive paradigms in Shawnee. Essays in anthropology in honor of Alfred Louis Kroeber, pp. 391–403. Berkeley.Google Scholar
  3. Voegelin, C. F. 1938–40. Shawnee stems and the Jacob P. Dunn Miami Dictionary. Prehistory Research Series 1.61–108, 131–67, 287–341, 343–89, 407–78. Indiana Historical Society, Indianapolis. Listed here are the items referred to in the first five sections of this paper. Many of these are fully cited in the selected annotated bibliography which constitutes section six; the letters SAB plus a word or phrase in the entries below are used to refer to the appropriate subdivision in the bibliography under which they are found.Google Scholar
  4. Bloomfield, Leonard. 1925, 1927. SAB Fox-Sauk.Google Scholar
  5. Bloomfield, Leonard. 1946. SAB General and Comparative.Google Scholar
  6. Bloomfield, Leonard. 1962. SAB Menomini.Google Scholar
  7. Chafe, Wallace L. 1962. Estimates regarding present speakers of North American Indian languages. IJAL 28. 162–71.Google Scholar
  8. Goddard, Ives. 1967. The Algonquian independent indicative. NMC-B 214 (SAB General and Comparative), 66–106.Google Scholar
  9. Goddard, Ives. 1969 ms. SAB Delaware.Google Scholar
  10. Haas, Mary R. 1958. Algonkian-Ritwan: The end of a controversy. IJAL 24. 159–73.Google Scholar
  11. Haas, Mary R. 1967. Roger Williams’s sound shift: A study in Algonquian. To honor Roman Jakobson 1. 816–32. The Hague, Mouton.Google Scholar
  12. Hanzeli, Victor E. 1969. Missionary linguistics in New France. JanL, series maior 29.Google Scholar
  13. Meeussen, A.E. 1962. SAB Cheyenne.Google Scholar
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  15. Michelson, Truman. 1935. SAB General and Comparative.Google Scholar
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  17. Pilling, James C. 1891. SAB General and Comparative.Google Scholar
  18. Sapir, Edward. 1929. Central and North American languages. Encyclopedia Britannica 5.138–41. Reprinted in SWES, pp. 169–78. 1963.Google Scholar
  19. Schoolcraft, Henry Rowe. 1839. Algic researches. New York, Harper and Brothers.Google Scholar
  20. Siebert, Frank T., JR. 1941. Certain Proto-Algonquian consonant cl usters. Lg 17. 298–303.Google Scholar
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  22. Siebert, Frank T., JR. 1967b. The original home of the Proto-Algonquian people. NMC-B 214. 13–47.Google Scholar
  23. Swadesh, Morris. 1946. South Greenlandic (Eskimo). Linguistic structures of native America, by Harry Hoijer and others, pp. 30–54. VFPA 6.Google Scholar
  24. Teeter, K. V. 1964. Descriptive linguistics in America: Triviality vs. irrelevance. Word 20. 197–206.Google Scholar
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  26. Teeter, K. V. 1970b. Review of The Menomini language, by Leonard Bloomfield. IJAL 36. 235–9.Google Scholar
  27. Teeter, K. V. 1971. SAB Malecite-Passamaquoddy.Google Scholar
  28. Trumbull, J. Hammond. 1876. The Algonkin verb. TAPA 146–71.Google Scholar
  29. Trumbull, J. Hammond. 1903. SAB Massachusett.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1976

Authors and Affiliations

  • Karl V. Teeter

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