Nutrition, Infection and Immune Response
Infectious diseases and malnutrition are two of the most common health problems in children of developing countries. The situation is more severe if these two conditions occur concurrently. The interaction of infection and malnutrition may be considered to be cyclic insofar as one condition is capable of accentuating the other. Not only may malnutrition increase host susceptibility to infection, but infection on the other hand may also precipitate malnutrition, particularly in borderline cases. Altered eating habits, loss of appetite, malabsorption and negative nitrogen balance are often secondary to chronic infections so common in developing countries. For example, diarrhea and measles can frequently aggravate subclinically malnourished infant also frank kwashiorkor.
KeywordsHumoral Immune System Malnourished Child Infection Agent Common Health Problem Miliary Tuberculosis
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