The Forces Resisting Locomotion in Bluefish

  • A. B. DuBois
  • G. A. Cavagna
  • R. S. Fox


Swimming in nature may have played a major role in the gradual evolution of the form and function required by present land vertebrates. The reasons behind this conclusion are developed below.


Body Structure Transmural Pressure Pitot Pressure Hollow Needle Land Animal 


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  1. Davis, J. T. and DuBois, A. B. 1972 Mechanism of immersion diuresis in anesthetized dogs. Federation Proc. 31, Abs., 823.Google Scholar
  2. DuBois, A. B., Cavagna, G.A. and Fox, R. 1974 Pressure distribution on the body surface of swimming fish. J. Experimental Biol. 60, 581–591.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1975

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. B. DuBois
    • 1
  • G. A. Cavagna
    • 2
  • R. S. Fox
    • 3
  1. 1.University of PennsylvaniaPhiladelphiaUSA
  2. 2.University of MilanMilanoItaly
  3. 3.Marine Biological LabWoods HoleUSA

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