Advertisement

Geological Significance of Aquatic Nonmarine Trace Fossils

  • Michael J. S. Tevesz
  • Peter L. McCall
Part of the Topics in Geobiology book series (TGBI, volume 100)

Abstract

In Chapters 3 and 4 it was shown that benthic invertebrates interact with modern fluvial and lacustrine sediments and, through these interactions, alter the physical, chemical, and biological properties of sediments. In this chapter, the literature documenting invertebrate-sediment interactions in ancient fluvial, lacustrine, and associated terrestrial environments is reviewed in order to show that invertebrate activities influenced benthic processes and properties in these environments in the past. The literature concerning invertebrate traces of nonmarine origin is scant and scattered and has not been the subject of recent review. Curran (1980) recently emphasized the need for a review of this kind. We will attempt to show that aquatic nonmarine trace fossils are abundant and widely distributed (Table I) and are useful for a variety of geological purposes. Further research on these traces will probably improve the resolution of paleoecological and paleoenvironmental reconstructions involving non-marine rocks and increase the understanding of the origin and history of freshwater life.

Keywords

Trace Fossil Paleoenvironmental Reconstruction Proglacial Lake Body Fossil Green River Formation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Allen, J. R. L., 1964, Studies in fluviatile sedimentation: Six cyclothems from the Lower Old Red Sandstone, Anglo-Welsh Basin, Sedimentology 3: 163 - 198.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Allen, J. R. L., 1970, Studies in fluviatile sedimentation: A comparison of fining-upwards cyclothems, with special reference to coarse-member composition and interpretation, J. Sediment. Petrol. 40: 298 - 323.Google Scholar
  3. Allen, J. R. L., and Friend, P. F., 1968, Deposition of the Catskill facies, Appalachian region: With notes on some other Old Red Sandstone basins, in: Late Paleozoic and Mesozoic Continental Sedimentation, Northeastern North America (G. deV. Klein, ed.), Geol. Soc. Am. Spec. Pap. 106: 21 - 74.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Aller, R. C., and Dodge, R. E., 1974, Animal–sediment relations in a tropical lagoon—Discovery Bay, Jamaica, J. Mar. Res. 32: 209 - 232.Google Scholar
  5. Ashley, G. M., 1975, Rhythmic sedimentation in glacial Lake Hitchcock, Massachusetts—Connecticut, in: Glaciofluvial and Glaciolacustrine Sedimentation (A. V. Jopling and B. C. McDonald, eds.), Soc. Econ. Paleontol. Mineral. Spec. Publ. 23: 304 - 332.Google Scholar
  6. Banerjee, I., 1973, Sedimentology of Pleistocene glacial varves in Ontario, Can.da, Can. Geol. Surv. Bull. 226,A: 1 - 44.Google Scholar
  7. Barrett, P. J., 1965, Geology of the area between Axel Heiberg and Shackleton glaciers, Queen Maud Range, Antarctica. Part 2: Beacon Group, N. Z. J. Geol. Geophys. 8: 344 - 370.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Belt, E. S., 1968, Carboniferous continental sedimentation, Atlantic provinces, Canada, in: Late Paleozoic and Mesozoic Continental Sedimentation, Northeastern North America (G. deV. Klein, ed.), Geol. Soc. Am. Spec. Pap. 106: 127 - 176.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Bender, F., 1963, Stratigraphie der „Nubischen Sandsteine“ in Sud-Jordanien, Geol. Jahrb. 81: 237 – 276.Google Scholar
  10. Bender, F., 1968, Geologie von Jordanien, Beiträge zur regionalen Geologie der Erde 7, Borntraeger, Berlin, 230 pp.Google Scholar
  11. Berg, T. M., 1973, Pelecypod burrows in the basal sandstone member of the Catskill Formation, northeastern Pennsylvania, Geol. Soc. Am. Abstr. Progr. 5: 137.Google Scholar
  12. Berg, T. M., 1977, Bivalve burrow structures in the Bellvale Sandstone, N.w Jersey and New York, Bull. N. J. Acad. Sci. 22: 1 - 5.Google Scholar
  13. Bromley, R. B., and Asgaard, U., 1972, Notes on Greenland trace fossils. I. Freshwater Cruziana ffrom the Upper Triassic of Jameson Land, East Greenland, Bull. Grenlands Geol. Unders. 49:7-13.Google Scholar
  14. Bromley, R., and Asgaard, U., 1979, Triassic freshwater ichnocoenoses from Carsberg Fjord, East Greenland, Palaeogeogr. Palaeoclimatol. Palaeoecol. 28: 39 - 80.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Brown, R. W., 1934, Celliforma spirifer, the fossil larval chamber of mining bees, Wash. Acad. Sci. J. 24: 532 - 539.Google Scholar
  16. Cant, D. J., and Walker, R. G., 1976, Development of a braided-fluvial facies model for the Devonian Battery Point Sandstone, Quebec, Can. J. Earth Sci. 13: 102 - 119.Google Scholar
  17. Chamberlain, C. K., 1975, Recent lebensspuren in nonmarine aquatic environments, in: The Study of Trace Fossils ( R. W. Frey, ed.), pp. 431 - 458, Springer-Verlag, Berlin.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Chisholm, J. I., 1970, Lower Carboniferous trace fossils from the Geological Survey boreholes in west Fife (1965-66), Geol. Surv. G. B. Bull. 31: 19 - 35.Google Scholar
  19. Conolly, J. R., 1965, Petrology and origin of the Hervey Group, Upper Devonian, central New South Wales, J. Geol. Soc. Aust. 12: 123 - 166.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Curran, H. A., 1980, Ichnology, J. Sediment. Petrol. 50: 312 - 314.Google Scholar
  21. Daley, B., 1968, Sedimentary structures from a non-marine horizon in the Bembridge marls (Oligocene) of the Isle of Wight, Hampshire, England, J. Sediment. Petrol. 38: 114 - 127.Google Scholar
  22. Dinely, D. L., and Williams, B. P. J., 1968, Sedimentation and paleoecology of the Devonian Escuminac Formation and related strata, Escuminac Bay, Quebec, in: Late Paleozoic and Mesozoic Continental Sedimentation, Northeastern North America (G. deV. Klein, ed.), Geol. Soc. Am. Spec. Pap. 106: 241 - 264.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Eagar, R. M. C., 1974, Shell shape of Carbonicola in relation to burrowing, Lethaia 7:219-238. Edwards, P., 1975, Invertebrate burrows in an Oligocene freshwater limestone, Univ. Wyo. Contrib. Geol. 14: 7 - 8.Google Scholar
  24. Elliott, R. E., 1968, Facies, sedimentation successions and cyclothems in productive coal measures in the East Midlands, Great Britain, Mercian Geol. 2: 351 - 372.Google Scholar
  25. Elliott, T., 1976, Upper Carboniferous sedimentary cycles produced by river-dominated, elongate deltas, J. Geol. Soc. London 132: 199-208.Google Scholar
  26. Eugster, H. P., and Hardie, L. A., 1975, Sedimentation in an ancient playa—lake complex: The Wilkins Peak Member of the Green River Formation of Wyoming, Geol. Soc. Am. Bull. 86: 319 - 334.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Fagerstrom, J. A., and Ratcliffe, B. C., 1975, Synopsis of Recent burrowing insects as ana-logues of non-marine trace fossils, Geol. Soc. Am. Abstr. Progr. 7: 1070 - 1071.Google Scholar
  28. Frey, R. W., 1978, Behavioral and ecological implications of trace fossils, in: Trace Fossil Concepts (P. B. Basan, ed.), Soc. Econ. Paleontol. Mineral. Short Course 5: 49 - 75.Google Scholar
  29. Friend, P. F., 1965, Fluviatile sedimentary structures in the Wood Bay Series (Devonian) of Spitzbergen, Sedimentology 5: 39 - 68.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Gibbard, P. L., and Stuart, A. J., 1974, Trace fossils from proglacial Lake sediments, Boreas 3 (2): 69 - 74.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Gilliland, W. N., and LaRocque, A., 1952, A new Xenohelix? from the Paleocene of Utah, J. Paleontol. 26: 501 - 504.Google Scholar
  32. Glaessner, M. F., 1957, Paleozoic arthropod trails from Australia, Palaeontol. Z. 31: 103 - 109.Google Scholar
  33. Goldberg, M., and Friedman, G. M., 1974, Paleoenvironments and paleogeographic evolution of the Jurassic system in southern Israel, Bull. Geol. Surv. Isr. 61, 44 pp.Google Scholar
  34. Grove, A. T., Street, F. A., and Goudie, A. S., 1975, Former lake levels and climatic change on the rift valley of southern Ethiopia, Geogr. J. 141 (2): 177 - 202.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Hanley, J. H., Steidtman, J. R., and Toots, H., 1971, Trace fossils from the Casper Sandstone (Permian) southern Laramie Basin, Wyoming and Colorado, J. Sediment. Petrol. 41: 1065 - 1068.Google Scholar
  36. Häntzschel, W., 1962, Trace fossils and problematica, in: Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology (R. C. Moore, ed.), Part W, pp. 177 - 245, Geological Society of America and University of Kansas Press, Lawrence.Google Scholar
  37. Hesse, R., and Reading, H. G., 1978, Subaqueous clastic fissure eruptions and other examples of sedimentary transposition in the lacustrine Horton Bluff Formation (Mississippian), Nova Scotia, Canada, in: Modern and Ancient Lake Sediments (A. Matter and M. E. Tucker, eds.), Spec. Publ. Int. Assoc. Sedimentol. 2: 241 - 257.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Howard, J. D., 1978, Sedimentology and trace fossils, in: Trace Fossil Concepts (P. B. Basan, ed.), Soc. Econ. Paleontol. Mineral. Short Course 5: 13 - 47.Google Scholar
  39. Hubert, J. F., Butera, J. G., and Rice, R. F., 1972, Sedimentology of Upper Cretaceous Cody Parkman Delta, southwestern Powder River Basin, Wyoming, Geol. Soc. Am. Bull. 83: 1649 - 1670.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Klein, G. deV., 1962a, Triassic sedimentation, Maritime Provinces, Canada, Geol. Soc. Am. Bull. 73: 1127 - 1146.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Klein, G. deV., 1962b, Sedimentary structures in the Keuper Marl (Upper Triassic), Geol. Mag. 99: 137 - 144.Google Scholar
  42. Linck, 0., 1942, Die Spur Isopodichnus, Senckenbergiana 25: 232 - 255.Google Scholar
  43. Link, M. H., and Osborne, R. H., 1978, Lacustrine facies in the Pliocene Ridge Basin Group: Ridge Basin, California, in: Modern and Ancient Lake Sediments (A. Matter and M. E. Tucker, eds.), Spec. Publ. Int. Assoc. Sedimentol. 2: 169 - 187.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. McCall, P. L., Tevesz, M. J. S., and Schwelgien, S. F., 1979, Sediment mixing by Lampsilis radiata siliquoidea (Mollusca) from western Lake Erie, J. Great Lakes Res. 5: 105 - 111.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Miller, M. F., 1979, Paleoenvironmental distribution of trace fossils in the Catskill deltaic complex, New York state, Palaeogeogr. Palaeoclimatol. Palaeoecol. 28: 117 - 141.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Moussa, M. T., 1966, Insect tracks? Entomol. Soc. Am. Bull. 12: 377.Google Scholar
  47. Moussa, M. T., 1968, Fossil tracks from the Green River Formation (Eocene) near Soldier Summit, Utah, J. Paleontol. 42: 1433 - 1438.Google Scholar
  48. Moussa, M. T., 1970, Nematode fossil trails from the Green River Formation (Eocene) in the Uinta Basin, Utah, J. Paleontol. 44: 304 - 307.Google Scholar
  49. Mutch, T. A., 1968, Pennsylvanian nonmarine sediments of the Narragansett Basin, Massachusetts—Rhode Island, in: Late Paleozoic and Mesozoic Continental Sedimentation, Northeastern North America (G. deV. Klein, ed.), Geol. Soc. Am. Spec. Pap. 106: 177 - 209.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Olson, E. C., and Bolles, K., 1975, Permo-Carboniferous freshwater burrows, Fieldiana Geol. 33: 271 - 290.Google Scholar
  51. Peterson, A. R., 1976, Paleoenvironments of the Colton Formation, Colton, Utah, Brigham Young Univ. Geol. Stud. 23: 3 - 35.Google Scholar
  52. Picard, M. D., and High, L. R., Jr., 1972a, Paleoenvironmental reconstructions in an area of rapid facies change, Parachute Creek Member of Green River Formation (Eocene), Uinta Basin, Utah, Geol. Soc. Am. Bull. 83: 2689 - 2708.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Picard, M. D., and High, L. R., Jr., 1972b, Criteria for recognizing lacustrine rocks, in: Recognition of Ancient Sedimentary Environments (J. K. Rigby and W. K. Hamblin, eds.), Soc. Econ. Paleontol. Mineral. Spec. Publ. 16: 108 - 145.Google Scholar
  54. Ratcliffe, B. C., and Fagerstrom, J. A., 1980, Invertebrate lebensspuren of Holocene flood-plains: Their morphology, origin and paleoecological significance, J. Paleontol. 54: 614 - 630.Google Scholar
  55. Rattigan, J. H., 1967, Deposition, soft sediment and post-consolidation structures in Palaeo-zoic aqueoglacial sequence, J. Geol. Soc. Aust. 14: 5 - 18.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Rayner, D. H., 1963, The Achanarras Limestone of the Middle Old Red Sandstone, Caithness, Scotland, Geol. Soc. Yorkshire Proc. 34: 117 - 138.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Read, W. A., and Johnson, S. R. H., 1967, The sedimentology of sandstone formations within the Upper Old Red Sandstone and lowest Calciferous Sandstone Measures west of Stirling Scotland, Scott. J. Geol. 3: 242 - 267.Google Scholar
  58. Reineck, H.-E., 1955, Marken, Spuren, und Fahrten in den Waderner Schichten (ro) bei Martinstein/Nahe, Neues Jahrb. Geol. Palaeontol. (Abh.) 101:75-101.Google Scholar
  59. Reinemund, J. A., 1955, Geology of the Deep River coal field, North Carolina, U. S. Geol. Surv. Prof. Pap. 246, 159 pp.Google Scholar
  60. Rhoads, D. C., and Young, D. K., 1971, Animal—sediment relations in Cape Cod Bay, Massachusetts. Part II: Reworking by Molpadia oolitica (Holothuroidea), Mar. Biol. 11: 255 - 261.Google Scholar
  61. Riding, R., 1979, Origin and diagenesis of lacustrine algal bioherms at the margin of the Ries crater, Upper Miocene, southern Germany, Sedimentology 29: 645 - 680.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Ryder, R. T., Fouch, T. D., and Elison, J. H., 1976, Early Tertiary sedimentation in the western Uinta Basin, Utah, Geol. Soc. Am. Bull. 86: 496 - 512.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Sanders, J. E., 1968, Stratigraphy and primary sedimentary structures of fine-grained, well-bedded strata, inferred lake deposits, Upper Traissic, central and southern Connecticut, in: Late Paleozoic and Mesozoic Continental Sedimentation, Northeastern North America (G. deV. Klein, ed.), Geol. Soc. Am. Spec. Pap. 106: 265 - 305.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Savage, N. M., 1971, A varvite ichnocoenosis from the Syka Series of Natal, Lethaia 4: 217 - 233.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. Schindewolf, O. H., 1928, Studien aus dem Marburger Buntsandstein III—VII; IV. Isopodichnus problematicus (Schdwf.) im Unteren und Mittleren Buntsandstein, Senckenbergiana 10: 27 - 37.Google Scholar
  66. Seilacher, A., 1963, Lebensspuren und Salinitats-Fazies, Fortschr. Geol. Rheinland. Westf. 10: 81 - 94.Google Scholar
  67. Seilacher, A., 1978, Use of trace fossil assemblages for recognizing depositional environments, in: Trace Fossil Concepts (P. B. Basan, ed.), Soc. Econ. Paleontol. Mineral. Short Course 5: 185 - 201.Google Scholar
  68. Selley, R. C., 1970, Ichnology of Paleozoic sandstones in the Southern Desert of Jordan: A study of trace fossils in their sedimentologic context, in: Trace Fossils ( T. P. Crimes and J. C. Harper, eds.), pp. 477 - 488, Seel House Press, Liverpool.Google Scholar
  69. Selley, R. C., 1972, Diagnosis of marine and non-marine environments from the CambroOrdovician Sandstones of Jordan, J. Geol. Soc. Lond. 128: 135 - 150.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. Siemers, C. T., 1970, Facies distribution of trace fossils in a deltaic environmental complex: Upper part of Dakota formation (Upper Cretaceous), central Kansas, Geol. Soc. Am. Abstr. Progr. 2: 683 - 684.Google Scholar
  71. Siemers, C. T., 1971, Deltaic deposits of upper part of Dakota formation ( Upper Cretaceous), central Kansas, Am. Assoc. Petrol. Geol. Bull. 55: 364.Google Scholar
  72. Stanley, D. J., 1968, Graded bedding—sole marking—greywacke assemblage and related sedimentary structures in some Carboniferous flood deposits, eastern Massachusetts, in: Late Paleozoic and Mesozoic Continental Sedimentation, Northeastern North America (G. deV. Klein, ed.), Geol. Soc. Am. Spec. Pap. 106: 211 - 239.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. Stanley, K. O., and Fagerstrom, J. A., 1974, Miocene invertebrate trace fossils from a braided river environment, western Nebraska, U.S.A., Palaeogeogr. Palaeoclimatol. Palaeoecol. 15: 63 - 82.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. Surdam, R. C., and Wolfbauer, C. A., 1975, Green River Formation, Wyoming: A playa—lake complex, Bull. Geol. Soc. Am. 86: 335 - 345.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. Tarr, W. A., 1935, Concretions in the Champlain Formation of the Connecticut River Valley, Geol. Soc. Am. Bull. 46: 1493 - 1533.Google Scholar
  76. Tevesz, M. J. S., and McCall, P. L., 1978, Niche width in freshwater bivalves and its paleoecological implications, Geol. Soc. Am. Abstr. Progr. 10: 504.Google Scholar
  77. Tevesz, M. J. S., and McCall, P. L., 1979, Evolution of substratum preference in bivalves, J. Paleontol. 53: 112 - 120.Google Scholar
  78. Tevesz, M. J. S., Soster, F. M., and McCall, P. L., 1980, The effects of size-selective feeding by oligochaetes in the physical properties of river sediments, J. Sediment. Petrol. 50: 561 - 568.Google Scholar
  79. Thorns, R. E., and Berg, T. M., 1974, Comparison of the burrowing habits of a Devonian pelecypod with those of a Recent analogue, Geol. Soc. Am. Abstr. Progr. 6: 267.Google Scholar
  80. Toots, H., 1967, Invertebrate burrows in the non-marine Miocene of Wyoming, Univ. Wyo. Contrib. Geol. 6: 93 - 96.Google Scholar
  81. Toots, H., 1975, Distribution of meniscate burrows in non-marine Tertiary sediments of the western U.S., U.iv. Wyo. Contrib. Geol. 14: 9 - 10.Google Scholar
  82. Trewin, N. K., 1976, Isopodichnus in a trace fossil assemblage from the Old Red Sandstone, Lethaia 9: 29 - 37.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  83. Truc, G., 1978, Lacustrine sedimentation in an evaporitic environment: The Ludian (Palaeogene) of the Mormoiron basin, southeastern France, in: Modern and Ancient Lake Sediments (A. Matter and M. E. Tucker, eds.), Spec. Publ. Int. Assoc. Sedimental. 2: 189 - 203.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  84. Turner, B. R., 1978, Trace fossils from the Upper Triassic fluviatile Molteno Formation of the Karoo (Gondwana) supergroup, Lesotho, J. Paleontol. 52: 959 - 963.Google Scholar
  85. Van Dijk, D. E., Hobday, D. K., and Tankard, A. J., 1978, Permo-Triassic lacustrine deposits in the eastern Karoo Basin, Natal, South Africa, in: Modern and Ancient Lake Sediments (A. Matter and M. E. Tucker, eds.), Spec. Publ. Int. Assoc. Sedimentol. 2: 225 - 239.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  86. Van Houten, F. B., 1964, Cyclic lacustrine sedimentation, Upper Triassic Lockatong Formation, central New Jersey and Adjacent Pennsylvania, Kans. Geol. Surv. Bull. 169: 497 - 531.Google Scholar
  87. Webby, B. D., 1968, Devonian trace fossils from the Beacon Group of Antarctica, N. Z. J. Geol. Geophys. 11: 1001 - 1008.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  88. Webby, B. D., 1970, Brookvalichnus, a new trace fossil from the Triassic of the Sydney Basin, Australia, in: Trace Fossils ( T. P. Crimes and J. C. Harper, eds.), pp. 527 - 530, Seel House Press, Liverpool.Google Scholar
  89. Wells, R. F., 1977, Freshwater invertebrate living traces of the Mississippi alluvial valley near Baton Rouge, Louisiana, M.S. thesis, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, 253 pp.Google Scholar
  90. White, C. D., 1929, Flora of the Hermit Shale, Grand Canyon, Arizona, Carnegie Inst. Washington Publ. 405, 221 pp.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael J. S. Tevesz
    • 1
  • Peter L. McCall
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Geological SciencesCleveland State UniversityClevelandUSA
  2. 2.Department of Geological SciencesCase Western Reserve UniversityClevelandUSA

Personalised recommendations