Advertisement

Abstract

Non-ionic surfactants are surfactants which do not have a charged group. The hydrophilic group is provided by a water soluble group which does not ionise. The most common are the hydroxyl group (R—OH) and the ether group (R—O—R’). Other groups are the oxide (amine oxide) and triple unsaturated bond (acetylenic alcohols).

Keywords

Cloud Point Critical Micelle Concentration Ethylene Oxide Nonyl Phenol Surface Active Property 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Fan, T.Y., Goff, U., Song, L., Fine, D.H., Arsenault, G.P. and Biemann, K. (1977) N-nitrosamine in cosmetics, lotions and shampoos, presented at the American Chemical Society Meeting, New Orleans, LA.Google Scholar
  2. Gerstein, T. (1977) US Patent 4,033,895 to Revlon.Google Scholar
  3. Henderson, G. and Newton, J.M. (1966) Pharm. Acta. Helv. 41, 228.Google Scholar
  4. Henderson, G. and Newton, J.M. (1969) Pharm. Acta. Helv. 44, 129.Google Scholar
  5. Hugo, W.B. and Newton, J.M. (1963) J. Pharmacol. 15, 731.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Kassem, T. M. (1984) Tenside Detergents 21(3), 144.Google Scholar
  7. Knaggs, E.A. (1965) Soap Chem. Specialities 41, 64.Google Scholar
  8. Meguro, K., Ueno, M. and Esumi, K. (1987) Nonionic Surfactants—Physical Chemistry, Marcel Dekker, New York, p. 150.Google Scholar
  9. Milwidsky B. and Holtzmann, S. (1972) Effects of regular amides and superamides on the foaming and viscosity of detergents, presented at the Vlth International Congress of Surface Active Substances, Zurich.Google Scholar
  10. Nakagawa, T. (1967) In Nonionic Surfactants, ed. M.J. Schick, Marcel Dekker, New York, p. 599.Google Scholar
  11. Osipow, O., Snell, F.D., Marra, D. and York, W.C. (1956) Ind. Eng. Chem. 48, 1462.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Schick, M.J., ed. (1967) Nonionic Surfactants, Marcel Dekker, New York.Google Scholar
  13. Schmolka, I.R. (1977) J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc. 54, 110.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Tagawa, T., Iino, S., Sonoda, T. and Oba, N. (1962) Kogyo Kagaku Zasshi 65, 953;CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Tagawa, T., Iino, S., Sonoda, T. and Oba, N. (1962) Chemical Abstracts 58, 680 (1963).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. R. Porter
    • 1
  1. 1.Maurice R. Porter & AssociatesCardiffUK

Personalised recommendations