Advertisement

Anionics

  • M. R. Porter

Abstract

Anionics are manufactured and used in greater volume than all other types of surfactants. The reason is the ease and low cost of manufacture, and they are used in practically every type of detergent, the main application of surfactants. For optimum detergency the hydrophobic group is a linear paraffin chain in the range C12–C16 and the polar group should be at one end of the chain.

Keywords

Sodium Salt Maleic Anhydride Hard Water Ether Sulphate Heavy Duty Detergent 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Adam, W.E. and Neumann, K. (1980) Fette, Siefen, Anstrichm. 82 (9), 367–370.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bruson, H.A. (1937) US Patent 2,098,203 to Rohm and Haas; (1938) US Patent 2,106,716 to Rohm and Haas; (1938) US Patent 2,115,192 to Rohm and Haas.Google Scholar
  3. Goldemberg, R.L. (1979) J. Soc. Cosmet. Chem. 30, 415–427.Google Scholar
  4. Hart, J.R. and DeGeorge, M.T. (1982) The effect of conditioning ingredients on the lathering potential of anionic surfactants, presented at the Society of Cosmetic Chemists Annual Scientific Seminar, Memphis, TN.Google Scholar
  5. Hunting, A.L.L. (1981) Cosmetics and Toiletries 96 (8), 29–34.Google Scholar
  6. Knaggs, E.A., Yeager, J.A., Varenyl, L. and Fischer, E. (1965) J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc. 42, 805.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Moreno, A., Bravo, J. and Berna, J.L. (1988) J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc. 65 (6), 1000–1006.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Sass, C. (1974) Sulphosuccinates and the cosmetic types available, presented at the Society of Cosmetic Chemists Annual Scientific Seminar, Chicago, II. Google Scholar
  9. Shupe, R.D. (1977) US Patent 4,018,278 to Texaco.Google Scholar
  10. Trautman, T. and Jurges, P. (1984) Tenside Detergents 21 (2), 57–61.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. R. Porter
    • 1
  1. 1.Maurice R. Porter & AssociatesCardiffUK

Personalised recommendations