Advertisement

Geology of the Soviet Arctic: Kola Peninsula to Lena River

  • Michael ChurkinJr.
  • George Soleimani
  • Claire Carter
  • Rhoda Robinson

Abstract

This chapter covers the geology of the western Soviet Arctic, extending from the Norwegian and Finnish borders on the west to the Lena River delta on the east. The original plan was to describe this vast region in three separately authored chapters. Members of the Institute of Arctic Geology (niiga or cevmorgeo) in Leningrad were invited to write these three chapters. In the beginning of 1978, these promised papers were not forthcoming, so the editors decided to synthesize the geology of the region from the most recently published Soviet literature. Fortunately, since the Second Arctic Geology Symposium held in 1970, the U.S. Geological Survey in Menlo Park has routinely exchanged literature with the Soviet Institute of Arctic Geology. Using these data and our combined ability to assemble, translate, and assess Soviet literature, we attempt here to describe the geology of the western Soviet Arctic. Severe time limitations and spotty regional and topical data have made the subject coverage in this chapter somewhat uneven. Inaccuracies in translation and interpretation are also inevitable, and thus we have assembled a list of key references that are especially oriented to an English-speaking reader who may want to see the original data. The geology of the Kara, Barents, and Laptev Shelf Seas and the adjacent Eurasian Basin of the Arctic Ocean has been synthesized by Demenitskaya and Hunkins (1971). The geology of this area has also been reviewed by both Soviet and western geologists in the Proceedings of the Second Arctic Geology Symposium (Pitcher, 1973). Since then, very few new data have been published on the marine geology of the Arctic Ocean bordering the U.S.S.R.

Keywords

Kola Peninsula Siberian Platform Middle Devonian Lower Cambrian Lower Devonian 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Akudinov, S. A., Bolgurtsev, N. N., Litvinenko, I. V., and Poretova, G. A., 1972, Deep structure of the eastern part of the Karelian region, Geotectonics (USSR), no. 5, p. 297, Fig. 2.Google Scholar
  2. Antropov, P. Ya., and Khaeitonov, L. Ya., eds., 1958, Murmanskaya oblast’, geologicheskoe opi-sanie, in: Geologiya SSSR, v. 27, Moscow: Ministerstvo Geologiy SSSR, 706 p.Google Scholar
  3. Churkin, Michael, Jr., 1972, Western boundary of the North American continental plate in Asia, Geol. Soc. Am. Bull., 83, p. 1027–1036.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Demenitskaya, R. M., and Hunkins, K. L., 1971, Shape and structure of the Arctic Ocean, in: The Sea, Maxwell, A., ed., 4, pt. 2, New York: J. Wiley and Sons, p. 223–249.Google Scholar
  5. Dergunov, A. B., and Moldavantsev, Yu. E., 1976, Structure and tectonic position of gabbro and ultrabasic massifs of the Polar Urals, Geotectonics (USSR), v. 10 (3), p. 210–211.Google Scholar
  6. Efimov, A. A., Lennykh, V. I., Puchkov, V. N., Savelyev, A. A., Savelyeva, G. N., and Yazeva, R. G., 1978, Ophiolites of Polar Urals, Fourth Field Ophiolite Conference, IGCP, Guidebook, Moscow.Google Scholar
  7. German, E. V., Kisliakov, V. N., and Reinin, I. V., 1963, Geologia i geomorfologia poluostrova Yamal, in: Geologia i heftegazanosnost’ severa zapadnoi Sibiri, Tr. Vses. Neft. NauchnoIssled. Geol.-Rasv. Inst., 225, p. 311–329.Google Scholar
  8. Hamilton, Warren, 1970, The Uralides and the motion of the Russian and Siberian Platforms, Geol. Soc. Am. Bull., 81, p. 2553–2576.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Kosygin, Yu. A., and Parfenov, L. M., 1975, Structural evolution of eastern Siberia and adjacent area, Am. J. Sci., 275A, p. 187–208.Google Scholar
  10. Krivonos, V. F., and Prokopchuk, B. I., 1971, The Usunku-Syungyude Zone of deep-seated faults, Geotectonics (USSR), no. 1, p. 58–59.Google Scholar
  11. Lazarev, Yu. I., 1973, Tectonic development of the early Karelides of Karelia, Geotectonics (USSR), no. 5, p. 28.Google Scholar
  12. Markov, F. G., Ravich, M. G., and Vakar, V. A., 1957, Geologicheskoe stroenie Taymyrskogo poluostrova, in: Geologia Sovetskoi Arktiki: Gosgeoltekhizdat, Markov, F. G., and Nalivkin, D. V., eds., Tr. Nauchno-Issled. Inst. Geol. Arktiki, p. 313–363.Google Scholar
  13. McElhinney, M. W., 1973, Paleomagnetic results from Eurasia, in: Implications of Continental Drift to the Earth Sciences, v. 1, Tarling, D. H., and Runcorn, S. K., eds., New York: Academic Press.Google Scholar
  14. Nalivkin, D. V., 1973, Geology of the USSR, translated by Rast, N., Edinburgh: Oliver and Boyd, 855 p.Google Scholar
  15. Pinther, M., 1975, Map of the Arctic Region,New York: American Geographical Society, 1:5,000,000 scale.Google Scholar
  16. Pitcher, M. G., ed., 1973, Arctic Geology, Am. Assoc. Petrol. Geol. Mem. 19, 747 p.Google Scholar
  17. Progrebitskiy, Yu. E., 1971, Paleotektonicheskiy analiz Taymyrskoi skladchatoi sistemy, Tr. Nauchno-Issled. Inst. Geol. Arktiki, 156 p.Google Scholar
  18. Progrebitskiy, Yu. E., 1974, Problemi geologiy poliarnikh oblastei zemli, Tr. Nauchno-Issled. Inst. Geol. Arktiki,p, 76–78.Google Scholar
  19. Pogrebitskiy, Yu. E., and Kosko, M. K., 1977, Tektonika Arktiki, skladchatyi fundament shel’fovykh sedimentatsionnykh basseinov, Leningrad: NIIGA, 156 p.Google Scholar
  20. Polovinkina, Yu. I., ed., 1973, Geochronology study outlining individual regions of the USSR, in: The Eastern Part of the Baltic Shield, Leningrad: “NEDRA”, pt. 1, 348 p.Google Scholar
  21. Puchkov, V. N., 1973, Paleotectonics of the Lemva zone, Polar Urals, Geotectonics (USSR), no. 6, p. 342.Google Scholar
  22. Pyatnitskiy, V. K., 1974, The relief of the basement surface and structure of the sedimentary mantle of the Siberian Platform, Soviet Geol. Geophys., 15 (9), p. 71–80.Google Scholar
  23. Ronkina, Z. Z., Bro, E. G., Voitzekhovskaya, E. P., Kolokol’tzeva, E. P., Vishnevskaya, T. N., 1977, Epigenez Permsko-Mesozoiskukh terrigennykh tolsch severa Sibirskoi Platformy, in: Geologiya i Neftegazonosnost’ Mesozoiskikh Progibov Severa Sibirskoi Platformy, Sbornik Nauchnykh Trudov, Sorokov, D. S., ed., Leningrad: NIIGA, p. 18–29, and appendix with maps.Google Scholar
  24. Rostovtsev, N. N., ed., 1964, Geologiya SSSR, Zapadno-Sibirskaya Nizmennost, Moscow: Ministerstvo Geologiy SSSR, v. 44, pt. 1.Google Scholar
  25. Saks, V. N., and Egorova, I. S., 1957, Geologicheskoe stroenie severnosibirskoi nizmennosti (Taymyrskoi nizmennosti), in: Geologia Sovetskoi Arktiki: Gosgeoltekhizdat, Markov, F. G., and Nalivkin, D. V., eds., Moscow: NIIGA, p. 243–278.Google Scholar
  26. Sears, J. W., and Price, R. A., 1978, The Siberian connection: A case for Precambrian separation of the North American and Siberian cratons, Geology, 6, p. 267–270.Google Scholar
  27. Shilov, L. P., Kuznetsov, G. E., Kochetkov, O. C., and Podlovilin, E. S., 1978, Characteristics of the deep-seated structure of the Timan, Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Geol. Geofiz., no. 6, p. 32–40.Google Scholar
  28. Siagaev, N. A., 1957, Geologicheskoe stroenie vostochnoi chasti severo-Sibirskoi nizmennosti (Leno-Anabarskow mezhdurechie), in: Geologia Sovetskoi Arktiki: Gosgeoltekhizdat, Markov, F. G., and Nalivkin, D. V., eds., Moscow: NIGGA, p. 290–306.Google Scholar
  29. Stewart, J. H., 1972, Initial deposits in the cordilleran geosyncline: Evidence of a late Precambrian (850 m.y.) continental separation, Geol. Soc. Am. Bull., 83, p. 1345–1360.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Tkachenko, B. V., and Egiazarov, B. Kh., eds., 1970, Geologiya SSSR, v. 26, Ostrova Sovetskoy Arktiki, Moscow: Ministerstvo Geologiy SSSR, 545 p.Google Scholar
  31. Tkachenko, B. V., Rabkin, M. I., Denoridou, K. K., Vakar, V. A., Grozdilov, A. L., Butakova, E. L., and Strelkov., S. A., 1957, Geologicheskoe stroenie severnoi chasti sredne-sibirskogo ploskogoria, in: Geologia Sovetskoi Arktiki: Gosgeoltekhizdat, Markov, F. G., and Nalivkin, D. V., eds., Moscow: NIGGA, p. 133–203.Google Scholar
  32. Tkachenko, B. V., Egiazarov, B. Kh., Atlasov, I. P., Lazurkin, V. M., Markov, F. G., Polkin, Y. I., Ravich, M. G., Romanovich, B. S., and Sokolov, V. N., 1973, Main geologic structure of the Arctic, in: Arctic Geology, Pitcher, M. G., ed., Am. Assoc. Petrol. Geol. Mem. 19, p. 336–347.Google Scholar
  33. Vinogradov, V. A., and Krasil’shchikov, A. A., 1963, The age of the folded base basement of the Olenek Uplift in the Siberian Platform, Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR, v. 153 (3), p. 687–689Google Scholar
  34. Voytovich, V. S., 1975, Generalized geologic map of the northeastern Karelia showing structure and thrusts, Geotectonics (USSR), v. 9 (2), p. 82.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael ChurkinJr.
    • 1
  • George Soleimani
    • 1
  • Claire Carter
    • 1
  • Rhoda Robinson
    • 1
  1. 1.U.S. Geological SurveyMenlo ParkUSA

Personalised recommendations