Nontuberculous Mycobacterial Disease

  • Richard J. O’Brien
  • George W. Comstock


Nomenclature for mycobacteria other than tuberculosis (Mott) and leprosy and their associated diseases has not been entirely satisfactory and has varied considerably. The etiologic organisms have been called Mott bacilli by mycobacteriologists and atypical mycobacteria by clinicians, with other designations such as anonymous, environmental, opportunistic, and unclassified also used. The diseases they cause have been given names such as nontuberculous mycobacteriosis, pseudotuberculosis, tuberculoidosis, and tuberculosis caused by a specified organism. To borrow a phrase from the review by Wolinsky,(79) “None of the proposed names is without criticism, but the most appropriate and least offensive, in my opinion, is nontuberculous mycobacteriosis.” This designation appears to be gaining common acceptance and will be used in this chapter.


Mycobacterium Avium Mycobacterial Infection Nontuberculous Mycobacterium Mycobacterial Disease Atypical Mycobacterium 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Richard J. O’Brien
    • 1
  • George W. Comstock
    • 2
  1. 1.Clinical Research Branch, Division of Tuberculosis Control, Center for Prevention Services, Centers for Disease ControlAtlantaUSA
  2. 2.School of Hygiene and Public HealthThe Johns Hopkins UniversityBaltimoreUSA

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