Surveying and mapping practice in the mining industry encompasses most surveying fields; its main difference is that it has a direct effect on the safety of people working in the mines. Accurate surveys and reliable maps are a prerequisite to a successful mining operation. If an accident occurs, such as a roof fall or an onrush of water or oxygen-deficient air, surveying operations must be performed immediately to aid in rescue efforts. Time is important, and confidence in the surveying and mapping system of the mine is essential. If a rescue borehole is needed, a spatial position must be promptly established on the surface or in an adjacent mine; a good surface-underground three-dimensional coordinate system is required.
KeywordsSection Line Discovery Point Patented Claim Side Line Mineral Survey
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Chrzanowski, A., and E. F. Hart. 1983. Role of the surveyor in North America in studies of ground movements in mining areas. Proceedings, Annual Meeting of American Society for Photogrammetry—American Congress on Surveying and Mapping. Washington, D.C.Google Scholar
- Frush, C. G. 1973. Mine surveying. In vol. 2 of SME mining engineering handbook. New York: Society of Mining Engineers, AIME.Google Scholar
- Hart, E. F., and R. H. Owensby, Jr. 1984. Safety considerations when surveying in deep mining operations. Proceedings, Annual Meeting of American Society for Photogrammetry—American Congress on Surveying and Mapping. Washington, D.C.Google Scholar