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Abstract

In the reading of this chapter, several potentially confusing issues should be kept in mind. The first is that depression is a symptom that is manifested across all diagnostic categories of childhood psychopathology. Second, depression may serve as a prototype for other childhood psychiatric disorders; research in this area is occurring at an exponential rate and is generating considerable excitement (Petti, 1988). Third, rigorous scientific methodology has been applied sporadically in child psychiatry and psychology, which has greatly lagged behind when compared to the adult arena. Fourth, the clinical picture for disturbed children is incessantly blurred by developmental, familial, social, cultural, and cognitive factors. Fifth, physiological and biochemical correlates to childhood psychopathology are minimally reported. Finally, and perhaps most important, depression in children has been referred to in several contexts in the scientific literature as a symptom, a symptom complex, a syndrome, and a specific disease entity. An attempt will be made throughout this chapter to specify the particular usage when the term is being applied.

Keywords

Major Depressive Disorder Affective Disorder Child Psychiatry Attributional Style Childhood Depression 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Theodore A. Petti
    • 1
  1. 1.Western Psychiatric Institute and Clinic, Department of PsychiatryUniversity of Pittsburgh School of MedicinePittsburghUSA

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