Although we have witnessed a dramatic increase in the attention paid to adult anxiety disorders during the 1970s and 1980s, it is only very recently that a similar trend has begun to emerge for the childhood anxiety disorders. It is probable that the major classification changes that appeared in the third edition of the American Psychiatric Association’s Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-III; APA, 1980) are responsible, at least in part, for spurring interest in anxious children and adolescents. In the DSM-III, a new diagnostic category was introduced that specifically focused on anxiety disorders that usually first arise during childhood or adolescence: “Anxiety Disorders of Childhood or Adolescence.” This category included three specific disorders (separation anxiety disorder, avoidant disorder, and overanxious disorder), only one of which (“overanxious reaction”) had appeared in previous versions of the DSM.


Anxiety Disorder Generalize Anxiety Disorder Panic Disorder Somatic Complaint Separation Anxiety 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cynthia G. Last
    • 1
  1. 1.Western Psychiatric Institute and ClinicUniversity of Pittsburgh School of MedicinePittsburghUSA

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