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Nosocomial Bacterial Infections

  • Walter J. HierholzerJr.

Abstract

From the combination of Greek nosos (disease) with komein (to take care of) as nosokomeion (hospital) and through Latin nosocomium (hospital) comes English nosocomial (pertaining to a hospital). Nosocomial infections, then, are infections that develop and are recognized in patients and personnel in health-care institutions. These infections are not present or incubating on admission, with the exception that a nosocomial infection may be present on admission if it is directly related to or is the residual of a previous admission. Certain nosocomial infections may not be clinically evident until after discharge. It is common to classify all other infections that fail to meet these criteria as “community-acquired” infections.

Keywords

Infection Control Nosocomial Infection Hospital Infection Acinetobacter Calcoaceticus Catheter Associate Urinary Tract Infection 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Suggested Reading

  1. Altemeier, W. H., Burke, J. F., Pruitt, B. A., Jr., and Sandusky, W. R. (Editorial Subcommittee) Manual on Control of Infections in Surgical Patients: Committee on Control of Surgical Infections of the Committee on Pre- and Postoperative Care of the American College of Surgeons, J.B. Lippincott, Philadelphia, 1976.Google Scholar
  2. Bennett, J. V. and Brachman, P. S. (eds.), Hospital Infections, Little, Brown, Boston, 1979.Google Scholar
  3. Bond, R. G., Michaelsen, G. S., and Deroos, R. L., Environmental Health and Safety in Health Care Facilities, Macmillian, New York, 1973.Google Scholar
  4. Collins, C. H., Hartley, E. G., and Pilsworth, R., The Prevention of Laboratory Acquired Infection, Public Health Laboratory Service, Monograph Series No. 6, McCorquodale Printers, London, 1975.Google Scholar
  5. Infection Control in the Hospital, 4th ed., American Hospital Association, Chicago, 1979.Google Scholar
  6. Lowbury, E. J. L., Ayliffe, G. A. J., Geddes, A. M., and Williams, J. D., eds., Control of Hospital Infection: A Practical Handbook, John Wiley, New York (1975).Google Scholar
  7. Polk, H. C., and Stone, H. H. (eds.), Hospital Acquired Infections in Surgery, University Park Press, Baltimore, 1977.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • Walter J. HierholzerJr.
    • 1
  1. 1.Program of EpidemiologyUniversity of Iowa Hospitals and ClinicsIowa CityUSA

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